Posted on

where cannabis growing buy their seeds

How to buy marijuana seeds

Many cannabis consumers like the idea of growing marijuana on their own — whether it’s recreational weed or medical marijuana. People often find it incredibly rewarding to smoke buds from their own marijuana plants, and many enjoy being able to nurture plants all the way from cannabis seed to final harvest. Growing marijuana can be accomplished by either starting with cannabis clones or by sprouting and planting cannabis seeds.

Marijuana seeds are now easier than ever to find and purchase. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

Image lightbox

Fortunately, cannabis seeds are now easier to find and purchase than ever before. With many top-notch seed banks making a wide variety of feminized and autoflower seeds available alongside regular seeds, it’s very easy to buy cannabis seeds online or in brick-and-mortar stores. That being said, the way you go about buying marijuana seeds is still very dependent on the laws in your area. But before you plunk down your hard-earned dough for something to grow, there are several things you need to consider. From legal concerns to strain choices to indoor vs outdoor, this guide will walk you through everything you need to know to purchase cannabis seeds.

How marijuana laws affect buying cannabis seeds

The law is the first thing to take into consideration when planning to grow cannabis. Before doing anything else, double and triple check the laws in your area related to purchasing cannabis products and growing weed at home. This is important because the legal status of both cannabis products and home cultivation will dictate where and how you can buy cannabis seeds.

If you live in a state where it is legal to grow weed at home and there are not many restrictions on home cultivation, then you’ll likely be able to buy cannabis seeds directly from your favorite licensed dispensary. In some cases, you may also have the option of buying from a brick-and-mortar or online retailer.

How to decide which cannabis seeds to buy

However you go about buying cannabis seeds, you need to plan ahead. In many ways, successful germination and eventual harvest depend on getting the right seeds upfront. Fortunately, the cannabis industry is now offering an incredibly broad selection of seeds to choose from. Here are some of the most important factors you need to think about to ensure that the marijuana seeds you buy will meet your needs and objectives.

Indica, sativa, or hybrid?

There is a seemingly endless variety of cannabis strains now in existence. Before buying cannabis seeds you need to know what kind of weed you want to grow. Start by figuring out if you want to grow an indica-dominant, sativa-dominant, or hybrid strain. Indica-dominant plants tend to be short and bushy with thick stems and broad, deep-green leaves. They also have short flowering cycles and grow well in cold climates with short growing seasons. Sativa plants have longer flowering cycles, fare better in warm climates with long seasons, and usually grow taller with light-green, narrow leaves.

For the last 50 years of cannabis cultivation, crossbreeding has been the name of the game. As a result, there’s virtually no such thing as a pure indica or sativa anymore. Every seed you’ll consider purchasing is probably a hybrid. Classifying a particular cultivar or strain as indica or sativa usually means that its genetic makeup tends more toward one side or the other of the indica-sativa spectrum.

Which marijuana strain?

In addition to deciding between indica, sativa, and hybrid, you should also figure out which specific strain you want to grow. If you are not sure which marijuana strain you want to grow, or you’re curious to learn about other strains you might not be familiar with, browse through the digital catalogs of reputable seed banks online and read about the various strains currently available. The best seed banks will have plenty of helpful information.

When you’ve decided which strain to grow, do a bit of research to familiarize yourself with the unique cultivation needs of that strain. While there are general guidelines for growing any type of cannabis, each strain has its own specific needs. Some strains do better in specific parts of the world or climates. Growing a strain that is well-suited to your climate will make it easier on you and the plants while giving you better odds of a successful harvest. If you aren’t certain what strain you want to grow, you can always give mixed packs of seeds a try, though it may be difficult to replicate any successes.

Indoor or outdoor cultivation?

Another question to ask yourself is whether you want to be an indoor grower or an outdoor grower.

Growing indoor seeds gives you the ability to control and fine-tune the growing climate for your plants. You may feel more confident trying new seeds or difficult cultivars because you can adjust the environment as needed.

Outdoor growing inherently carries a different set of concerns, including the length of the outdoor growing season and other big variables. If you plan to grow marijuana outside, you should probably spend a bit more time researching the specific cannabis seeds you want to purchase to make sure they will thrive in your unique climate and environment. On the other hand, some cultivars thrive better outside and deliver better yields. And there are those who swear that weed grown outside under the sun simply tastes, smells, and smokes better.

Growing inside gives you a bit more flexibility as you can control and fine-tune the growing culture for your plants. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

Image lightbox

Regular marijuana seeds, feminized seeds, or autoflowering seeds?

If you browse through seeds being sold at a dispensary or an online store, you will immediately see feminized seeds, regular seeds, and autoflower seeds. A vital part of understanding how to buy cannabis seeds is understanding the differences between these categories that refer to the sex or maturation process of the seeds.

When you buy regular seeds, some will grow up to produce male plants and others will grow into female plants. Therefore, growing regular cannabis seeds requires you to pay close attention to the sex of each plant so you can get rid of any males that sprout. Male marijuana plants produce fewer, smaller, less-potent flowers, and therefore will not give you much to smoke. Even worse, males will pollinate your female plants and cause them to produce low-quality buds that are full of seeds. If you plant regular seeds, plan to buy more than you might actually need, as a higher percentage of these weed seeds will produce male plants.

On the other hand, feminized seeds have been bred to produce only female cannabis plants. For many growers, these are the best cannabis seeds to use. One reason is that using feminized seeds means you won’t need to buy quite as many because a higher percentage will grow into female plants. However, feminized seeds are not fool-proof, and there is no fully reliable germination guarantee, so you should still pay attention to the sex of your plants as they mature so you can spot and eliminate any males that might pop up. In general, feminized seeds are easier and more straightforward to grow.

See also  l.a. confidential x afghan kush cannabis seeds

The difference between male and female seeds is important for growers. To get big harvests of smokable buds, you want only female plants. Male plants, on the other hand, can cause a lot of problems as they will pollinate the female flowers, which makes the buds produce seeds. While some people argue for the usefulness of male cannabis plants, most growers are primarily interested in big, seed-free flowers from female plants.

Finally, autoflowering seeds have more to do with the growth cycle of the marijuana plant than the sex of plants. Many growers consider autoflowers to be the best seed choice because they require less work and flower more quickly. When growing regular, or photoperiod, seeds indoors, you will have to manipulate the light your plant receives in order to trigger the flowering process. But autoflowering seeds have been genetically designed to produce plants that automatically flower based on their age rather than changes in the light, meaning less work for you.

Autoflowering seeds have been genetically designed to produce a plant that automatically flowers without you needing to be fully on top of altering the light your plant receives. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

Image lightbox

How many plants to grow?

Once you’ve figured out which seeds are right for you, you need to decide how many seeds to purchase. Regardless of the strain or type of seed, you should have an idea of how many plants you want to grow. It’s also a good idea to circle back to your area’s laws and check the number of plants you’re legally allowed to grow.

Remember, seeds must be germinated before planting and there is no such thing as an iron-clad germination guarantee. Always plan on a certain percentage of seeds failing to germinate or growing into weak, unviable plants. So plan on purchasing more seeds than you think you will need. As a general guideline, assume that at least 25% of the seeds you plant will, for one reason or another, not make it to harvest. For best results, buy and plant 25% more seeds than the number of mature plants you want to produce.

How to buy weed seeds online

Buying online may be the simplest way to purchase cannabis seeds. Online retailers often have a larger selection and may provide more detailed information than smaller brick-and-mortar stores.

At the same time, there are some potential drawbacks to buying seeds online. For one, some weed-legal locations, including the US, still outlaw buying and shipping seeds across state or national borders. There are also issues of reliability. If you want to do business with an online cannabis seed bank, take some time researching the company. Make sure it’s reputable and has good customer reviews.

How to buy cannabis seeds in a brick-and-mortar store

Buying seeds directly from a brick-and-mortar shop gives you the benefit of being able to talk to an expert before making your purchase. Make sure the dispensary you’re buying from has employees who are experienced with the growing process.

Here are a few questions you should ask before making a purchase:

  • What are the main cannabinoids in the strain? If you are looking to buy seeds that produce a certain cannabinoid profile in the mature plant, ask if they tend to produce plants that match your requirements.
  • What kind of yields do the plants produce?
  • Do the plants require any special care like trellising, certain nutrients, or a particular environment to prevent pests and disease?

Bottom line

In many ways, buying high-quality seeds is very much like buying other items related to cannabis. Even in places where weed is legal, seeds are generally considered cannabis products the same as flower, edibles, oils, and anything else coming from the cannabis plant. For that reason, always pay very close attention to the legal status of marijuana seeds in your area.

With the ability to buy marijuana seeds online or from brick and mortar sellers, and so many vendors now able to sell seeds directly to consumers, it is easier than ever to grow your own cannabis plants. Having all those options available makes it more important than ever to research all the options before you make that final purchase.

Where to Get Cannabis Seeds to Start a Grow

M ore and more people are growing their own cannabis. Home cultivation is permitted in numerous places, and in some, is the only option for legally obtaining cannabis. This has resulted in a curious conundrum in many places where cannabis is legal to grow, possess and consume, but not purchase. Lacking a system of sales results in a lack of seeds and clones to buy as well. Growers are left with a classic “chicken-or-egg” problem: they need seeds to grow plants, and they need plants to make seeds. So how does an initial grow get started?

Even if a grower does raise a successful crop, growing to harvest flower and growing for seeds are quite different, and typically work contrary to each other. A small accident in pollination could render a crop unusable. For higher quality, consistent, and dependable results, numerous growers utilize seed banks. In this article we’ll explore why growers choose seed banks, and what to look for when selecting one.

Growing Cannabis for Seeds

Traditionally, whenever there’s scarcity in the cannabis space, the community turns to the age-old ethos of, “just grow your own!” While this is often excellent advice for growing plants, it’s not quite so easy for seeds. Growing for seeds is far more specialized than regular growing, and requires more materials and skill.

For starters, you’ll need some weed plants, so if that’s the conundrum you’re trying to fix, it’s already going to be an uphill battle. Traditionally, you’ll need at least two plants, a male and a female. To induce a cannabis plant to make seeds, a male plant is grown to maturity, and then its pollen is collected and placed on a female plant early in her growing cycle. The female plant, instead of using her energy to grow flowers (and thus the coveted cannabinoids that flourish on them) will then divert that energy to make seeds.

Fertilized female plants will not produce the same THC-rich flowers used for making cannabis products.

When those seeds are ready, they can be planted, however the resulting seeds will be somewhat of a mystery. Some will be male, some will be female, and each will be a genetic hybrid of the two parent plants. To get a batch of even potentially viable seeds of unknown genetics, you will likely first have to grow two full plants that produce nothing to smoke. For many growers, that’s a non-starter.

When properly stressed, female plants can be induced to self-pollinate and make seeds on their own. This process then produces almost entirely female seeds, which is where “feminized” seeds come from. Creating the specific circumstances to induce female plants can be achieved through various methods, but most require some chemical solution (colloidal silver being the most common), and familiarity with the process, which many amateur growers simply don’t have.

See also  fast growing cannabis seeds

Many Growers Use Seed Banks as a Solution

If you visit any dispensary in a legalized US state, you’re likely to find flower from a dozen famous genetics on the same shelf. How did a handful of landrace strains from all over the globe make it into your local pot shop? And just months after opening? The open secret for most of the industry is that the majority of those seeds very likely came from seed banks. Growers tend to favor purchasing seeds for numerous reasons, but one of the largest is variety.

A good seed bank can carry dozens and dozens of different genetics, and very good ones will have the up-and-comers on the scene as well. How else is someone going to get that new Blueberry Birthday Cake Haze Kush OG?

Using a seed bank can allow new growers to get their bearings in the cultivation world, and removes the headache of finding or growing viable seeds. While we often call it weed for its ability to propagate almost anywhere with some sun and water, growing high-quality hemp and marijuana can be a complex task in practice. Using a seed bank streamlines and simplifies a large piece of the puzzle in having a successful harvest.

What to Look for When Choosing a Seed Bank

There are a number of desirable features to look for when choosing a seed bank, from selection to service and everything in between. Especially when starting a new grow, it is often best to find a bank that meets a grower’s specific needs, and keeps things as easy as possible, thus giving time to what really matters: preparing for the plants. Weedseedsexpress has all of the features below, so we’ll use them as a good case study in what to look for:

Genetics

A good seed bank will have a wide variety of genetics to choose from. As most cannabis consumers know, strain traits can be very specific, so you’ll want to find the exact thing you’re looking for. Using a bank can grant access to some of the newer exciting strains emerging from breeders, and will sometimes carry their own new creations as well (for example, check out the marijuana seeds at Weedseedsexpress).

Similarly, something we found particularly attractive at Weedseedsexpress is a wide variety of high-quality CBD strains. CBD consumers have settled for bland, generic flower for far too long. Two years past the 2018 Farm Bill, it’s nice to see this nascent side of the industry getting some more attention as cannabis growers move beyond the pure THC-focus into hemp territory.

Quality and Customer Support

You might be surprised to learn that a lot of people who operate seed banks aren’t necessarily growers. It’s preferable to find a business that knows growing from doing it, from harvesting and propagating seeds themselves, and the kind of customer care that should go along with it. Good customer support matters.

Seed Type Variety

As mentioned above there are many different types of seeds with various qualities beyond what kind of flower they will grow: Auto-flowering, feminized seeds, or just the classics. Each grow can differ, and a good seed bank will have the selection to accommodate any needs.

Delivery Guaranteed

Seeds are an investment in time, care, and money and no one wants to see their investment disappear before the process even begins. It’s a good idea to check out a seed bank’s delivery policies before purchasing, so be sure to check if they either ensure delivery or offer a refund if needed.

Legality

The practice of buying from seed banks is very common, and numerous legal grows likely starting this way, but prospective purchasers should always do their homework first.

It should always be noted that purchasing cannabis seeds can sometimes fall under a hazy tangle of legality, and will vary depending on where one is purchasing.

As of the signing of the 2018 US Farm bill, hemp seeds are allowed throughout the US, and numerous places sell CBD-specific strains (as mentioned, Weedseedsexpress has an excellent selection of them), but the rules regarding the purchase of other cannabis seeds vary depending on location. Remember, before shopping for seeds it is always best to check your local laws and regulations.

What are your thoughts on seed banks? Have you ever ordered seeds from one? Take it to the comments section, and let us know!

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, provided the transaction occurs within one of Maine’s actively licensed adult use marijuana stores.

Maine is home to both a medical marijuana program and an adult use industry. The medical program serves patients, while Maine’s adult use industry services consumers 21 years of age and older. Adult use marijuana and medical marijuana may not be dispensed from the same facility. Unless they have changed their license type or have a separate retail facility, existing caregiver retail stores and medical marijuana dispensaries are limited to selling marijuana and marijuana products to patients with valid medical marijuana credentials in their possession.

See: 28-B M.R.S. §1501(1)(C)

How old do I have to be to consume marijuana and marijuana products?

In order to possess or use non-medical marijuana in Maine, you must be 21 years of age or older.

See: 28-B M.R.S. §1501

Where can I lawfully consume marijuana?

Using marijuana in any form (smoking, eating or vaping) isn’t allowed in public places, including amusement parks, ski resorts, sporting and music venues, state and national parks, campsites, playgrounds, sidewalks and roads, marijuana retail businesses, bars, restaurants and outdoor or rooftop cafes.

So where can you use it? Marijuana use is legal within the confines of private property. Just keep in mind that property owners, landlords, and rental companies can ban the use and possession of marijuana on their premises.

See: 28-B M.R.S. §1501(2)(A)

What are the rules around federal property?

Marijuana is legal under State of Maine law. Federally, it is not legal. If you’re on federal property, such as a national park or a border crossing, you can’t even have it in your possession.

See: 21 U.S.C. § 812

What are the laws on driving and marijuana use?

It is illegal to use marijuana in a vehicle. This goes for both the passenger and the driver.
It is also illegal to drive under the influence of marijuana. You could be charged with an OUI.

See: 28-B M.R.S. §1501(2)(B)(1), 29-A M.R.S. §2411

How much marijuana can I possess?

Adults 21 years of age or older can possess up to 2.5 ounces of a combination of marijuana, marijuana concentrate and marijuana products, including no more than 5 grams of marijuana concentrate.

See: 28-B M.R.S. §1501(1)(B)

How many plants can I grow?

Mainers can grow marijuana for personal use. As many as three mature, 12 immature plants, and an unlimited number of seedlings are allowed per resident 21 years of age or older.

These restrictions do not apply to the cultivation of marijuana for medical use by a qualifying patient, a caregiver, a registered caregiver or a registered dispensary as authorized by the Maine Medical Use of Marijuana Act.

See: 28-B M.R.S. §1502(1)

What are some of the rules related to growing marijuana for personal use?

See also  ann arbor cannabis seeds

First, keep it out of sight. An adult who chooses to grow plants for personal use must make sure their marijuana is not visible from a public way without the use of binoculars or other visual aid.

See: 28-B M.R.S. §1502(2)(A)

Second, make sure it’s locked up. An adult who chooses to grow their own plants must take reasonable precautions to prevent unauthorized access by individuals under the age of 21.

Finally, make sure the ownership of the plants is clear to law enforcement that may come across them. If you’re growing marijuana for personal use, the plant(s) must be tagged with a legible label that includes your name, driver’s license or state identification card number, and a notation that the plant(s) are being grown as authorized by law.

For example:
Connor S. Sample, Jr.
ID: 1234567
Personal Adult Use: Title 28-B, Section 1502

If the parcel or tract of land you are growing on is owned by someone else, you must have their written permission to grow and care for your plants and include the landowners name on each plant’s label.

See: 28-B M.R.S. §1502(1)(C) and (2)(C)

Medical Use

Patients

Who can buy medical marijuana?

Only medical patients can buy medical marijuana in Maine. Individuals who have received a patient certification from a medical professional may legally access medical marijuana from a registered caregiver or dispensary. Cards are available to Maine residents only.

Patients visiting Maine from another state may be able to purchase medical marijuana from a registered caregiver or dispensary if they have valid patient identification credentials (like a registry or patient identification card) and their state of residence allows them to use their state-issued credential to purchase medical marijuana in Maine.

How many dispensaries does Maine currently have in operation?

Maine has five dispensaries. A list is available online here: https://www.maine.gov/dafs/omp/medical-use/dispensaries

Please note: dispensaries are not to be confused with caregivers. A caregiver may operate one retail store to sell their products.

What is the difference between a dispensary and a caregiver retail store?

Until recently, dispensaries were required to by nonprofit entities and there was only one per Maine Department of Health and Human Services Public Health District. At present, the most notable difference is that dispensaries can grow an unlimited number of marijuana plants.

How much does it cost to obtain a patient certification?

The cost for a patient certification depends on the medical provider conducting the examination and issuing the certification.

The Maine Medical Use of Marijuana Program provides patient cards to registered providers. In order to ensure patient access to the program, the State of Maine has never charged medical providers for the cards they provide to qualifying patients.

If an individual is interested in obtaining a medical card, they may wish to have those discussions with their primary care physician or other trusted medical provider. They may find in doing so that they are able to obtain a card at little to no cost to them.

Are temporary/digital/electronic patient certifications valid?

No. Temporary and/or digital medical marijuana patient cards or certifications are not an acceptable form of identification for the purposes of obtaining marijuana for medical use in Maine.

To be a qualifying patient in Maine’s program, among other things, an individual must possess “a valid written certification. ” A written certification is only valid if it is “a document on tamper-resistant paper signed by a medical provider. “. These requirements are written into law and aim to preserve the integrity of the medical marijuana program by reducing the possibility of altering and tampering with valid medical certifications.

The Office of Marijuana Policy provides medical providers with tamper-resistant patient certification paper at no cost.

Where can I find statistical information on the medical program?

You may be interested in reviewing the annual reports or open data of the Maine Medical Use of Marijuana Program.

Caregivers/Dispensaries/Medical Providers

What do I need to apply for or renew a registry identification card (caregiver, caregiver assistant, dispensary employee, etc.)?

Download, complete, and submit the appropriate medical use application. Among other things, you will need to provide a copy of your Maine-issued driver’s license or identification card as proof of residency.

Please review all materials for completeness prior to submission to ensure their timely consideration and processing.

In accordance with Governor Mills’ civil emergency declaration and corresponding executive order, the Office of Marijuana Policy will accept Maine driver’s licenses or identification cards that expired on or after March 15, 2020 as valid for the purposes of registry identification card applications and renewals. The executive order issued by Governor Mills deems these forms of identification extended until 30 days after the termination of the ongoing civil emergency.

How long does it take to get my caregiver card?

Current law requires the Department to approve or deny an initial application or a renewal within 30 days of receipt. In the case of an approval, a registry identification card must be issued within five days of approval.

The average time frame to approve an application is currently one month.

See: 22 M.R.S. §2425-A

How much do caregiver cards cost?

The cost for a registry identification card varies depending on the number of plants being grown. At most, a registered caregiver may grow 30 mature plants or 500 square feet of mature plant canopy and 60 immature marijuana plants. Applications fees corresponding to total plant count with fees growing incrementally by $240.

Mature Plants Immature Plants Fee
6 12 $240
12 24 $480
18 36 $720
24 48 $960
30 60 $1,200

See: 22 M.R.S. §2425-A, 10-144 C.M.R. ch. 122, § 8(C)(1)

Where can I find information on which states authorize their residents to use their medical marijuana credential while visiting Maine?

OMP’s guidance on visiting patients and a list of approved states can be found here: https://www.maine.gov/dafs/omp/medical-use/certification-process/visiting-patients.

Can I conduct sales to a visiting patient who presents a medical marijuana credential and a form of identification from two different states?

No. A visiting medical marijuana patient must possess photographic identification or a driver’s license from the same jurisdiction as their valid medical marijuana credential.

See: 22 M.R.S. §2423-D.

General

Can I use marijuana if I am on probation?

For individuals on probation, there are rules and restrictions for marijuana that must be followed. Contact a probation officer to find out more.

Who assists the Office of Marijuana Policy with rulemaking?

Does Maine track and trace (seed-to-sale) marijuana products?

Maine requires the tracking and tracing of marijuana and marijuana products in both our adult use and medical use programs. OMP is in the process of deploying a software solution with Metrc to allow licensees and registrants to enter their information.

Can I travel outside of Maine with marijuana?

It’s illegal to leave Maine with any marijuana products—medical or recreational. Do not cross state lines or approach border crossing with marijuana in your possession. Mailing marijuana from Maine is also illegal.

See: 21 U.S.C. § 812, CBP Statement on Canada’s Legalization of Marijuana and Crossing the Border

Why does OMP use the term ‘marijuana’ instead of ‘cannabis’?

Marijuana is the legal term used in Maine law to describe the product and establishments we regulate and license.