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what tk do with seeded cannabis

What to Do with Seeded Bud

When it comes to value or higher yields, both consumers and growers prefer fewer seeds and more usable plants. Although seeds are a natural product of any crop it is not always desirable, especially if there’s a lot of seed.

Likewise, growers who only harvest the top half of their cannabis plants can be very devastated if their plants go to seed. As a result, most of their crop is lost.

When there is excessive seed production, it may indicate growing issues or it can be the variety being grown. For instance, some varieties can produce male flowers in conjunction with female flowers on the same plant.

What to Do with Seeded Bud?

One of the biggest frustrations as a grower is when a male plant pollinates your female plants. Not only are you left with a bunch of seed but your cannabis is generally of poor quality.

However, the pollinated plants do not have to be a complete loss.

Here are a few things that you can do with seeded buds –

Separate the Seeds from the Buds

Fortunately, you can still smoke bud that has seed in it. Though, you need to remove all of the seeds in order to avoid ‘explosions”.

Yes, the seeds actually explode when they are burning. As well, the seed gives your buds a funny taste and produce a lot of foul odor.

The seed that you separate from the bud can be saved for planting. Nonetheless, the plants will be 50% female and 50% male.

You will need to be on the lookout for males as the plants mature in order to avoid pollination.

Make a Hash

If you have a lot of bud that contains seeds, you may want to consider making hash. The method of making hash is quite simple and relatively safe if you take necessary precautions.

Since alcohol is used, fire can be a danger if care is not taken. Undeniably, the quality of hash is not going to be top-notch but it will be decent.

Green Camp, cannabis seeds are a complete protein and have all nine amino acids.

Sinsemilla

Cannabis flowers that were not pollinated during cultivation and do not contain seeds. May also refer to the cultivation technique to create seedless cannabis. The term sinsemilla originates from the combination of two Spanish words: “sin” (without) and “semilla” (seed). Cannabis flowers that mature without pollination have higher levels of essential oils and are notable for being more psychoactive than seeded cannabis. Sinsemilla may also be spelled and pronounced “sensimilla” or “sensimilia,” or abbreviated as “sensi.”

A brief history of sinsemilla cannabis

Before and during the 1970s, cannabis in the United States came in primarily two forms: as hashish and cannabis buds. Dried cannabis flowers imported to the United States from Mexico, Jamaica, Colombia, Panama, and Thailand, among other places, were wild-grown and minimally processed. Primarily known as marijuana by authorities and regulatory bodies, and referred to as grass, pot, and reefer, among many nicknames for the plant by everyone else, this cannabis had copious amounts of seeds. As domestic cannabis production in the United States began to take off in the 1970s, it was discovered that culling male plants before maturation so as to avoid any pollination would result in seedless buds after harvest.

It is not known who first coined the term sinsemilla, but it is theorized that both the cultivation method and the name originated in the southwestern United States. Due to the inherently higher THC content of seedless cannabis than seeded, this product was popularized as a new and potent type of cannabis. The misconception spread that sinsemilla and marijuana were completely different varieties of cannabis, and not the reality that they refer to the same plant simply grown with different cultivation techniques. This dichotomy between the two was used in anti-cannabis propaganda to spread the notion that cannabis was getting stronger, and therefore would allegedly begin to represent an even greater mental health concern to youths, thus needing to be eradicated.

Sinsemilla refers to the cannabis flowers that were not pollinated during cultivation, and do not contain seeds. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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As cannabis consumers realized the advantages that seedless cannabis had to offer (ease of smoking, increased potency, etc.), cultivators increasingly produced more and more sinsemilla. Breeding techniques were developed that allowed growers to grow seedless cannabis for distribution, while selectively pollinating particular branches of the healthiest females) in the crop with pollen from a separate crop of selected male breeding stock. Seeds secured from a few pollinated branches, if carefully germinated to assure a high success rate, can sow a crop for the following year. Advances in greenhouse technology led to the popularization of indoor cannabis cultivation, which further facilitated the production of seedless cannabis, as male and female cannabis plants could be grown adjacently, but in airtight containment to prevent unwanted pollination. The advent of feminized seeds facilitated hobbyist growing by allowing a grower to directly plant a crop of all-female plants sown from purchased, “feminized” seeds, without the need for complex breeding programs.

As seedless cannabis became the norm, the term sinsemilla fell into disuse.

The biology of sinsemilla: why is it more potent?

The development of the sinsemilla growing technique sparked an increase in potency of market cannabis for two reasons. Not only does seedless cannabis contain more THC, but its advent and spread also were the first time selective breeding was used to choose specimens for their increased potency.

The exact biological mechanism describing the increased potency of seedless cannabis from seeded has not been properly studied in a rigorous, scientific manner. However, an understanding of the descriptive botany of cannabis has provided a sound explanation for this phenomenon.

Female cannabis plants begin to flower when the days get shorter in the late summer. The amount of time it takes from the first sign of showing flowers to when they are fully ripe and ready to harvest in the fall is commonly referred to as its flowering period. Wild-grown, fertilized cannabis plants produce seeds during this time, and eventually drop them and die as temperatures cool in the fall. However, unfertilized cannabis lives longer and continues to produce flowers for up to a month longer than if it were fertilized. Vegetative growth of the stem and leaves would have ceased at the beginning of the flowering cycle, so all further growth happens in the buds, which become larger and more developed.

In addition to the extra lifetime of unfertilized female cannabis, the extra available metabolic energy that would have otherwise been dedicated to seed production is also thought to be a factor for the increase in potency. Cannabinoids are a component of the sticky oleoresin that forms on the outside of the bracts, the part of the anatomy which holds the seeds. It has been postulated that a lack of hormone-directed metabolism for the production of lipids and proteins in the seed will cause an amplification of the other, existing metabolic pathways: cannabinoid, terpene, and flavonoid biosynthesis.

The increased cannabinoid production in sinsemilla is very clear when looking at available data that tracks cannabis potency from the last 20-30 years. According to an Archival Report from the Society of Biological Psychiatry, the main factor driving the increase in potency of cannabis in the United States is the increase in the proportion of high potency seedless relative to seeded cannabis.

Why sinsemilla?

Edible, nutrient-dense cannabis seeds are sought by small, foraging animals.

In the wild, cannabis has adopted the survival strategy of producing the maximum amount of seeds it can before death in the hopes that enough remain to sow the next generation the following spring. The seeds can make up to 50% of the mass of a dried, seeded cannabis bud, which represents a significant hardship for distribution and consumption of seeded cannabis.

For consumers, seeds are a nuisance that require users to meticulously pick through the buds by hand. Smoked seeds create an unpleasant flavor reminiscent of a coal-fired stove.

Sources

Cervantes, J. (2015). The Cannabis Encyclopedia. Van Patten Publishing .

Clarke, R. C. (1981). Marijuana Botany. Ronin Publishing .

Danko, D. (2010). The Official High Times Field Guide to Marijuana Strains. High Times Books .

Elsohly, M. A.; Mehmedic, Z.; Foster, S.; Gon, C.; Chandra, S.; Church, J. C. (2016). Changes in Cannabis Potency Over the Last 2 Decades (1995-2014): Analysis of Current Data in the United States. Biological Psychiatry, 79, 613-619.

Mehmedic, Z.; Chandra, S.; Slade, D.; Denham, H.; Foster, S.; Patel, A. S.; Ross, S. A.; Khan, I. A.; ElSohly, M. A. (2010). Potency Trends of Δ 9 -THC and Other Cannabinoids in Confiscated Cannabis Preparations from 1993 to 2008. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 55 (5) , 1209-1217.

Slade D.; Mehmedic Z.; Chandra S.; ElSohly M. A. (2012). Is cannabis becoming more potent? In: Castle D.; Murray R. M.; D’Souza D. C.; editors. Marijuana and Madness, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 35–54.