Shortest Cannabis Grow Guide Ever
Are you looking for the shortest and most simple marijuana grow guide ever? Or maybe you just want a quick overview of the growing process. This super condensed version of the 10-Step Quick Start Grow Guide is probably the quickest grow guide out there. You may also enjoy our marijuana life timeline or complete beginner’s guide to growing cannabis. The following tutorial is very basic, but if you follow just these steps you will be harvesting your own weed in 3-5 months! Choose an auto-flowering strain for the fastest harvest (harvest in as quickly as 3 months).
Easiest Cannabis Grow Tutorial Ever!
Table of Contents
Step 1: Choose Your Place to Grow
Indoors or outdoors? A spare room? A closet? Learn more about different places to grow weed indoors. One simple way to get started is to put your plant inside a cheap grow tent.
I personally think grow tents are a cheap (under $100) and easy way to set up the perfect grow environment, but there are lots of great places to grow!
The main thing to remember about your growing environment is that when the temperature, humidity and overall airflow feels nice to you, it’s probably good for your plants, too! Learn more about setting up the perfect environment.
Step 2: Choose Your Grow Light
If your goal is to harvest…
Step 3: Choose Your Growing Medium
There is no best way to grow pot! Each option has its own pros and cons.
– Close to nature, especially if growing in amended and composted soil without any liquid nutrients. Slightly slower growing but buds tend to have a stronger and more complex taste/smell. – Coco is a hand-watered medium that looks and acts a lot like soil, but is actually made out of broken up coconut husks. Plants grown in coco grow a little bit faster than in soil, and coco has properties that soothe plant roots. As a result, coco tends to be more forgiving than most other grow mediums, and plants are more resistant to heat. Another advantage is pests are much less likely to attack plants in coco because many bugs need soil to live. If you’re not sure which medium to start with, I highly recommend starting with coco! That’s what I did and I’m so happy because it was also a perfect way to train for moving on to either soil or hydro – Setting up a hydroponic reservoir takes more work than soil or coco but hydro grown plants get the fastest growth of all grow mediums, meaning you get to harvest more quickly with the same amount of electricity. Hydro-grown buds tend to be very potent.
Step 4: Get Nutrients
If you’re starting in composted, amended soil, you don’t need to worry about adding extra nutrients. For regular soil growers, you want to supplement your plant with extra nutrients after it starts using up the nutrients in the soil. For coco and hydro growers, you provide all your nutrients directly to your plants from the beginning. Luckily all quality nutrients come with an easy schedule to follow, so you don’t have to think about it!
What Nutrients to Get for Each Stage of Life
- Vegetative Stage – In this stage you should use nutrients that are high in Nitrogen (N). Almost any general plant food will work. The extra nitrogen will provide what your marijuana plant needs in the vegetative stage
- Flowering Stage – Plants need a low-Nitrogen (“Bloom”) formula that is high in Phosphorous (P) and Potassium (K) in the flowering stagea. In a pinch you can use cactus or succulent nutrients, because they use a similar nutrient ratio.
Step 5: Get Your Cannabis Seeds
If you don’t have access to live plants or seeds, the best way to get started growing is to order seeds online. You can get seeds delivered anywhere in the world, including Canada, Australia, the UK and every state in the USA.
Learn more about researching strains to figure out which one you might like best! Choose an auto-flowering strain for the fastest harvest (harvest in as quickly as 3 months).
Step 6: Germinate Your Seeds
One of the simplest ways to germinate your seeds is to plant them in a starter plug like a Rapid Rooter. These already moist when you get them and are designed to give your seed everything it needs for the first few days of growth. Just put your seed in the pre-cut hole and leave in a warm place until your seedlings appear! (Here’s more info if you would rather germinate the seeds first, and then put them in the Rapid Rooters). Add a few teaspoons of water if they start to dry out but don’t add so much water the rooters actually look shiny wet. You don’t want to drown your seedlings! Unless your air is really dry, seedlings like the open air and don’t need a humidity dome like clones do. They get all the water they need through their roots.
Simply put your seeds in the pre-moistened plugs and wait for seedlings to appear
After germination, you place your Rapid Rooter directly into soil/coco, or insert into a net pot if you’re in hydro. The Rapid Rooters make it so you can’t really mess up transferring seedlings!
If you see roots out the bottom, it’s time to transfer plant into its next destination!
There are other ways to germinate seeds if you don’t have or don’t want to use Rapid Rooters. For example you could use the popular “paper towel method” or even plant your seeds directly into the growing medium! Learn about other ways to germinate your seeds here.
Step 7: Vegetative Stage
Your Main Duty: Water Plants & Adjust Grow Light
In the vegetative stage a marijuana plant really does grow like a weed! It can recover from a lot even if you mess up. You can almost even think of it as a regular houseplant, just a really fast growing one!
At this point your main job is to water your plants and check the pH regularly (to prevent nutrient problems). If you are using high levels of nutrients and supplements, try to give plain water sometimes to prevent nutrient build-up.
When it comes to nutrients, follow the nutrient schedule or recommended dosage for “vegetative” growth. However, it’s a good idea to start at half-strength at first since most nutrient recommendations are often a bit too strong for marijuana right away.
When the top inch feels dry to the touch, water your plants well and remove runoff water. Avoid watering too often! You should be watering vegetative plants every few days. If they’re drying out in less than a few days, transplant to a bigger pot or give more water at a time. If they’re taking more than 3 days to dry, give less water at a time until they’re drinking faster.
During the vegetative stage your plant only grows new stems and leaves, and overall the plants will keep getting bigger and bigger.
Many indoors growers choose to train their plants in the vegetative stage to grow in a flat, table-top shape, as this will increase your yields under indoor grow lights in the flowering stage. But even if you don’t do anything your plants will still grow just fine.
Try to make sure you keep your grow lights a good distance away so they’re not burning your plants, and other than that just wait until your plant has reached half the final desired size.
Plants in the vegetative stage only grow stems and leaves, no buds!
Plants in the vegetative stage can grow several inches a day after they get going!
pic by Froctor Dankenstein
If you don’t watch out, your grow space can get out of control
If want to know more about what to expect (and what to look out for) in the vegetative stage, check out the complete vegetative stage tutorial!
Step 8: Flowering Stage – Buds Start Growing!
When your plant has reached half the final desired size, it’s time to tell it to start making buds! After you do this step, your plant on average will about double in size (more or less depending on the strain), so don’t wait too long!
Switch to the flowering stage when your plant has reached half the final desired height. Your plant can double in size after the switch!
You “tell” your plant to start making buds by putting your grow lights on a timer that is set on a 12/12 light schedule. This means the grow light is on for 12 hours, but the plant spends the other 12 hours a day is in uninterrupted darkness.
This daily dark period is like a message that tells your plant winter is coming. Plants will typically start growing buds within 2-3 weeks after the switch to a 12/12 light schedule.
The first few weeks after the switch to 12/12, your plant will be growing fast! This extra fast growth period is known as the flowering stretch.
Here are two plants right after they are given a 12/12 light schedule. Notice how both get taller, but one gets far taller than the other. The amount of “stretch” after the switch is determined by strain/genetics. Hopefully this animation gives you an idea of how plants develop in the flowering stage from 12/12 to harvest. Learn more about growing different strains together.
Male vs Female
When your plant starts making flowers, you need to double check that they’re all making buds (female) and not pollen sacs (male). Learn where to look on the plant to figure out the plant gender as soon as possible.
You can skip this step if you started with feminized seeds (since all plants will be female and make buds).
If your plants are female they will start growing wispy white hairs that eventually turn into buds. If your plant is male, it will grow pollen sacs that look like little bunches of grapes, and these will open up into flowers that can pollinate your buds and make them full of seeds.
It’s important to identify any male plants as soon as possible and remove them from your grow room so your female buds don’t produce seeds from being exposed to pollen.
Around 6 weeks after the switch to 12/12, your plant will stop growing bigger and focus completely on bud growth. Although that’s true for most strains, some long-flowering or Sativa strains can continue growing taller for longer.
Your Main Duty After Week 6 : Watch Buds & Leaves Closely For Problems
It’s hard to be patient for harvest after week 6 because eventually the plant stops making much new vegetative growth while buds fatten and mature. You usually aren’t seeing a lot of new growth any more, so it might seem like buds are done. But even though you might not see it, your buds are getting bigger and more potent each day!
Although plants mostly stop growing around Week 6, buds still need time before they’re “ripe” enough to have reached peak potency. Buds will continue to fatten and get more dense right up until harvest.
Watch plants closely so you can react to any problems quickly so you cruise to the finish line
Most plants are ready to harvest about 9-13 weeks after the switch to 12/12 though some strains take more or less time.
Next, learn how to determine when your plant is ready to harvest!
Step 9: Harvest Your Cannabis
When plants are ready to harvest, the white hairs on the buds will have darkened and will have mostly curled in. What if my plant keeps making new white pistils over and over?
Can You Breed Fast Version Strains with Regular Marijuana?
Cannabis cultivation is easily taking the lead in the local market and dispensaries. More people are becoming interested in trying to breed, plant, and smoke some new strains that serve them well in all aspects. However, the need for speed in cultivation is, thus, highly required, too.
Gone are the days when only the regulars are considered the best for personal and commercial cultivation. It has been a breeze for growers and breeders to discover new recipes for cannabis, especially through the help of different forms of technology nowadays.
What is Fast Version Marijuana
Fast version weed strain type, on the contrary, is one of the innovations that the emergence of technology has brought to the cannabis world. Many things have changed in this new type that is useful to all cannabis enthusiasts and the entire weed world.
Fast version seeds are sought-after for its ability to do a speedy growth that can help with faster turnaround, too, as well as in keeping the project discreet and unknown by the local government in areas where there is still restrictions with cannabis.
Other more specific advantages of using fast version strains compared with regular photoperiod strains are as follows:
- Faster harvest without losing the quality of the buds produced.
- Less chance of rotting or infestations as this crops can already be harvested before the rainy season arrives. This advantage works for both indoor and outdoor cultivation.
- Lower cultivation cost due to the shorter period spent in growing as well as in, the lesser needs to be provided by the growers while the crops mature.
- More harvest and more yield to be achieved in just the same period. A more growing cycle can be started through this fast-flowering bud variety.
What are Regular Marijuana
The original favorite of cannabis enthusiasts, with the traditional waiting time and efforts, exerted just for some precious crops to grow lovely and healthy, those are the regular seeds. Although this kind of bud was born in the olden times, its effects, flavors, and aroma remain as classic bestsellers.
Regular cannabis strains offer the natural traits and process things are done. In one seed, growers need to wait after germination to determine which ones are females and males. Obviously, what growers and breeders would like to get are all females that carry the desired flavorful buds and aroma to collect. The males, on the other hand, are to be disregarded after collecting their pollens for pollination or crossbreeding in the future.
Unlike with feminized strains, regular photoperiod buds need more light within a specific period so it can continue in growing and producing buds. Such a tedious job for cultivation is greatly hated by breeders, and so they spend money and effort in growing only either feminized or fast-growing weed strains.
Fast Version Strains with Regular Marijuana Strains
The controversial question now that many are curious about is whether those two most sought-after types of weed can be bred together in one progeny or not. Science, together with the knowledge, is known and mastered by marijuana; breeders around the world are the ones who know the answer for sure.
Genetically, a fast version strain of whatever lineages are naturally made up of the DNAs that come from one regular female bud clone and a good quality autoflowering type of strain. If both parents selected by breeders are of high-class origins, then there is a great chance that the progeny to be made is also desirable and pleasant.
So, if a fast version strain is made up of autoflowering and regular bud’s genetics, then perhaps it is scientifically fine as well to say that this kind of union between a regular strain and fast version strain is allowable.
How to Perform the Breeding Process
Do It Yourself Process
Many cultivators are already taking a chance at producing their very own, desirable bud strains through the available varieties that they have in their gardens or grow rooms.
Since it is as simple as choosing the best male and female plants to breed and then doing the basic process of breeding all over again, most of those daring growers succeed in getting the kind of offspring they like to have in the end. Also, since you are just aiming for personal satisfaction and indulgence, doing such a crossbreeding process on a small scale is advised, too.
With some experience in cannabis cultivation, along with some patience, hard work, and careful observance of the steps followed in crossbreeding, nothing bad shall result from this creation. Who knows, maybe one day, you will end up creating one of the most breathtaking marijuana varieties in the cannabis world.
Play by the Rules
If aiming for a particular bud strain to create such as a fast version strain, it is very crucial that one follow the right process of doing things. Although developing this rare but famous type of weed is easy and follows only the same basic steps in cultivating buds, doing what is exactly told in the instructions guarantees success.
So, to help with creating one of your own specific marijuana variety here is a quick guide on the simple steps to follow:
Select and prepare the male and female plants to be used as parents of the soon-to-be fast-growing cannabis strain. This is a crucial stage in the process as whatever parents; you will determine the potential traits and attributes of the resulting bud. Thus, it may be necessary to keep in mind some important pointers to remember when picking the best fitting pair of parents.
Some people would be focusing on the flavors and scent of a bud to be considered as a parent to one new strain. Those people may be after the recreational use of weeds; thus, wants satisfaction starting from the taste buds up to the very core of your body as well.
However, more than the taste buds, stoners are in search of a weed variety that shall serve them well through the effects that it delivers. Both recreational and medicinal are the powerful impacts that any weed strain can give to smokers. In fact, many of them contain very high THC and CBD levels, giving you more choices to choose from.
So, that means THC and CBD properties are what you should be looking for next. For beginners who just like to have a mellow, chill out high, those with low THC are recommended. Whereas for stoners wanting to achieve some heavenly, psychoactive sedation, your go-to shall be buds that burst with so much THC. CBD, on the other hand, would be a treasure to smokers who are also patients suffering from different illnesses because such property is non-psychoactive but therapeutic.
Separate males from the females and make sure no contamination shall happen. This is often done after the germination period when the gender of the crops have already been identified—keeping the crops clean and pure, safe from anything that you yourself did not perform like putting pollens from the males to the females or other stuff like that. This way, you can be sure of their genders up to the very end of the breeding process.
Perform the pollination by first collecting the pollen from the males. However, at this point also, breeders should have learned to read the signs when the male and female crops are ready for it. Use a Ziploc bag to gather all pollens and safely transfer them also to the mother strain afterward. To preserve pollens that will not yet be used, keep them inside the bag and refrigerate them until the time that you will need them.
Once the female crops seem ready for impregnation, gently place the Ziploc bag around the mother strain and shake it once or twice to transfer the pollens safely, too. Let the bag stay like that for at least two hours before removing it gently. After a few weeks from the pollination, those seeds from the females should be ready for planting and testing, too.
Plant the seeds collected in a clean and safe place from infestations of pests, molds, and mildews. Otherwise, be ready to fight away those adversities for your beloved crops to stay healthy. Observe everything important about the crops’ growth behavior, especially its flowering period. Have something to take note of all these things for future use.
Despite being born from two different generations and periods in time, these two types of marijuana strain are, of course, very much able to unite as one. Fast version strains and regular marijuana strains deserve to be valued as much as any cannabis smoker would like to feel each time they smoke a bud. Want to enjoy both of them in one now? Go and make your own strain through your favorite bud strain today!