Sow seeds in spring once all danger of frost is over in full sun (or part shade in hot climates). Nasturtiums need no added fertilizer in most soils. Poke seeds into well-worked soil about 1 inch deep and 3 to 4 inches apart. Press soil firmly over the seeds and keep moist. When seedlings are large enough to handle, thin 10 to 12 inches apart so plants will have ample room to grow.
TO START EARLY INDOORS
Sow 2 seeds each in individual 4-inch pots of well-drained seed starting mix 3 weeks before last expected frost date. Cover 1 inch deep. Provide a strong light source. When seedlings have several sets of leaves, pinch out the weaker seedling leaving 1 seedling per pot. When weather is evenly in the 50°F (10°C) range, gradually acclimate to outdoor conditions. Transplant 10 to 12 inches apart in full sun.
Climbing nasturtiums are easy to grow in any well-drained soil. You’ll need to train young plants onto their supports with loose ties, then they’ll climb easily and bloom non-stop. Do not let plants dry out during blooming season. Spitfire’s glowing blossoms are summer beacons for hungry hummingbirds.
Cascade Organic Hops
West Coast Seeds ships anywhere in North America. However, we are not able to ship garlic, potatoes, asparagus crowns, bulbs, onion sets, Mason bee cocoons, or nematodes outside of Canada. We regret, we cannot accept returns or damages for orders outside of Canada. The minimum shipping charge to the US is $6.99.
More details about Cascade Organic Hops
CERTIFIED ORGANIC. Cascade organic hops rhizomes are among the most widely used hops in North American brewing. This is an extremely versatile and flavourful variety that is typical in IPA recipes, pale ale recipes, and others. Cascade is the true workhorse of the craft brewing industry. Be sure to provide a tall trellis for all your hops plants, as they are vigorous climbers. Harvest the flowers or “cones” in late summer.
Aroma: Spiced floral with distinct but subtle undertones of citrus and grassy notes.
Flavour: The citrus flavour is higher than its aroma. Very smooth.
All About Cascade Organic Hops
We Recommend: Cascade Organic (HO100) is a great all purpose variety, and probably the most widely used in the brewing industry.
Season & Zone
Season & Zone
Season: Warm season
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Zone: 3 and up
Plant hops rhizomes in early spring, as soon as the ground can be worked. If the weather turns and hard frost threatens after planting, mulch over the planted area with straw, leaves, or even plywood in order to provide some frost protection. If you cannot plant outside immediately, they can be stored slightly damp in the refrigerator for several weeks.
Plant your rhizomes, woody stems from 10cm to 15cm (4” to 6”) in length, as soon as they arrive in the mail. Plant about 10 cm (4”) deep with the buds pointing up with the rhizomes either lying down or pointing up, whichever direction the buds are growing in.
Ideal pH: 6.0-7.0. Be sure to train them to twine around a support when they are about 30cm tall (1’), as hops have been known to reach up to 7.5 meters in a year. Mulch with loose soil as it is important the rhizomes do not dry out while establishing themselves. Hops are heavy feeders that require nitrogen rich amendments. First year growth will be limited while the roots establish themselves but you can expect to harvest some cones in the first year, more in the second and a full harvest in the third.
If you are planting more than one rhizome space about 1m apart (3’); space different varieties 2m (6’) apart. There is little difference in the appearance of hop varieties. It will be much easier when harvesting the cones to grow them some distance from each other. In the second year you can expect several bines to have developed. Cut back the weakest of them, leaving the strongest 2 or 3 to grow out.
Hops are ready for harvest when they become light and papery to the touch and when the leaves of the cones start to turn yellow at the edges. The lupulin powder, that contains the essential oils, turns golden yellow and becomes quite fragrant. Spread the flowers out in a single layer on a screen and air dry for a couple days with a fan blowing across them. They are ready to store in the freezer in an airtight baggy when the cones barely break when bent in half.
In optimum conditions at least 65% of seeds will germinate. Usual seed life: 2 years. Per 100’ row: 400-600 seeds, per acre: 96M -120M seeds.
Diseases & Pests
Diseases & Pests
Watch for slug/snail damage to young seedlings. Keep the area free from debris where these pests like to nest.
How to Grow Cascading Mums
Cascading mums, also called cascading chrysanthemums, are regular mums that have been manipulated into growing in a downward cascade over fences, walls or trellises. Grow a cascading mum by propagating cuttings from stock mums and cutting them carefully so that the stems form a long, trailing cascade. The result can take up to 15 months to achieve but creates a spectacular display of color in any garden. The best time to start your cascading mums project is during the fall.
Choose a selection of regular potted mums to train to cascade. Most types of mum can be used but the best choice is a fast-growing cultivar such as Megumi, Firechief, Biko or Gum Drop. Ask greenhouses in your area if they have these specific types of mum in stock, and if not, it might even be worth it to have them ordered specially.
Place your potted mums in an enclosed space in your home or garage and expose them to uninterrupted light from a 60- to 75-watt bulb during the entire fall and winter seasons. The constant low light keeps them from flowering and makes them ideal for cuttings. Water the potted mums periodically to keep the soil from drying out.
Prepare a mix of rooting substrate in early February by mixing 2 parts fibrous loam, 2 parts leaf mold, 1 part rotted manure, 1 part coarse sand and 1 part peat moss. Fill 4-inch planters with the mix.
Cut 4-inch stem sections from your mums and place them in the prepared pots. Place one cutting per planter and dig them in to a depth of 1 to 2 inches. Keep your rooting cuttings continuously moist and under continuous light. Cover them with a plastic sheet so they don’t dry out. Let the cuttings root like this for three to four weeks
Remove your rooted cuttings after three weeks and place them in 6-inch planters. Add more of the soil mixture to fill the larger pots. Keep the rooted cuttings under continuous lighting for another six weeks, fertilize them with a regular soluble fertilizer on a biweekly schedule and keep the soil moist.
Allow your cuttings to grow naturally while they’re in their second artificial lighting period in the 6-inch pots. Prepare them for their cascading form by pinching off 2 inches of new growth to encourage thicker lateral growth of branches.
Monitor the cuttings until they reach a height of about 10 inches, which should happen near the end of this six-week period. Push a thin wooden stake into the pots and tie the plants to them gently near the top of their height.
Prepare wire trellises for your 10-inch planters by bending a 12-foot length of 12-gauge wire into a U shape and making hooks of its terminal ends. Fix these into the drip holes on the bottom of your planter and cover the space inside the U with 2-inch-square chicken wire, hooked to the edges of the 12-gauge wire. Bend the entire trellis down so that its length is perpendicular to the planter.
Remove the 10- to 14-inch-tall cuttings from their 6-inch planters after six weeks and place them in their final 10-inch pots with the attached trellises. Use a commercial potting mix with peat and perlite and add a 1/4 fraction of sand into it.
Bend your mums gently sideways as soon as you have placed them in the 10-inch planters and tie them down to the horizontal trellis. Immediately after doing this, pinch any branches that have grown at least 4 inches off the leading stems down to a length of 2 inches.
Leave your trellised cascading mums under continuous artificial lighting until there are at least 12 hours of daylight outside and then place them outdoors. On a weekly basis, keep pinching new growth and tying it down to the wire trellis while it’s still supple and flexible. Apply this process until the middle of July and then stop to allow the flowering buds to start forming.
Allow the trellis to slowly bend downward until it hangs straight down over a tall ledge from the planter once you’ve placed it outside. Make sure the planter is firmly fixed in place to prevent it from toppling.
Keep your mums well watered and the soil constantly moist for the rest of the summer and into late fall. During the warm summer months, this might mean watering the plants as often as twice a day — in the early morning and at sundown. Also apply a liquid fertilizer with high nitrogen and potassium content at least once after the final planting.
- Kings Mums: Chrysanthemum Cascade Culture
- Missouri Botanical Garden: Chrysanthemums for the Home Garden
- Longwood Gardens: The Art of Cascade Chrysanthemums at Longwood Gardens; Koa Kanamee; September, 2007
Stephan Sawyer is a writer and translator from Vancouver, Canada, currently living in Central America. He has been writing and translating for various clients since 2007, specializing in topics related to business, marketing and finance. Sawyer studied communications in university and is a fluent Spanish speaker.