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Buying the Best Cannabis Seeds in Greece

Greece is one of the most favorite travel destinations in Europe, and there are several reasons for that. Greece holds astonishing landscapes, more history than you could catch in on vacation. It also exhibits loads of events to party or relax, depending on what you’re looking for. But what about cannabis in Greece? Are there any chances to get cannabis seeds in Greece? Let’s try to find out the answers in the following article!

It is not legal to consume or supply marijuana in Greece, though the government is less strict on confined personal usage.

The Greek administration legalized the use of marijuana for medical objectives in 2017. During the following year, they lifted the prohibition on cultivating or producing it.

This way, the Greek government is constantly changing the law regarding marijuana in Greece. Let’s understand the roots of cannabis in Greece first!

History of Cannabis in Greece

Cannabis has a rich, glorious history in Greece. In ancient eras, it was appreciated for its therapeutic benefits, like reducing “inflammation, earache and edema” (Lahanas, Examples of Ancient Greek Medical Knowledge, 2006). A well-known historian, Herodotus, also remarked that the Scythian tribes inhaled the smoke of it.

The Scythians followed a sort of “cannabis steam bath tradition” for ritual cleansing (Herodotus) according to T he Apples of Apollo: Pagan and Christian Mysteries of the Eucharist (footnote, p. 147), and the early Hebrews might have done something just like this.

Before the government banned it in 1890, the Greek people extensively puffed it. There were even pubs authorized to let people smoke it openly.

However, the authorities announced it as a threat to the community, and since then, they have made strict rules regarding cannabis usage in Greece.

Despite this, many Greek warriors and refugees smoked marijuana regularly after World War I, but this declined with the beginning of World War II.

Want to explore 6 Ways People in History Used Marijuana That We Don’t Use Any Longer? Snap Here!

Marijuana Legalization in Greece – Is the Country Changing a Page?

Greece declared its central drug law in 1987. The law presented some points ahead of its time, even though it’s more than 30 years old. Right from the beginning, the legislation referred to drug users as ‘patients’ instead of offenders, making a definite difference between addicts and non-addicts.

According to the Greek order, addicts would get a more sympathetic punishment when the police find them with drugs, and they would also motivate the offenders to seek therapy instead of sending them to jail.

As you can assume, the authorities modernized the law periodically. One of its most significant updates was originated in 2013. It specified that the jurisdiction should not confine people who use or purchase drugs for private use for more than five months in jail.

National Drug Laws

The Greek Drug Law of 2013 differentiates between drug possession/acquisition for private usage and commercial usage, and the penalty varies, respectively.

Law No 4139/2013 , inducted in 2013, specifies that people using drugs or buying or otherwise processing drugs for personal usage only, in amounts to satisfy their own requirements, or growing cannabis plants in numbers and fields justified for private use only, can be confined to no more than five months in jail.

The crime is not in the list of the offender’s criminal history on the state that he or she does not act another related offense within a 5-year period.

Upon the command of the investigative judge, the offenders can choose to attend a particular therapy unit working in a prison environment or a community drug treatment program operated by a lawfully approved agency (the law stipulates the recognized drug agencies).

The judge can waive the penalties in the case of offenders who are experiencing therapy. The 2013 act eliminated the definitions of all amounts of substances for private use from the prior law; this decision is now on to jurists’ hands, based on the material, its volume and purity, and the offender’s requirements.

Those sentenced to drug supply may be confined imprisonment up to 3 years if addicted or dealing in a group, or at least eight years’ custody if not.

Life imprisonment is feasible in exceptional cases, such as drug trafficking by medical experts, educators, drug therapists, etc. There are also terms for a penalty of EUR 50 000 to EUR 500 000, reaching EUR 1 million in exceptional cases.

The Greek drug law also declares that the police can charge a drug-dependent offender with drug dealing for a conditional discharge. The conditions are as following if he or she

(i) has completed a minimum of one-fifth of the penalty

(ii) has successfully and certifiably taken drug therapy. Then they transfer him or her to reintegration buildings outside the prison.

Drug Law Offenses

Drug Law Offense (DLO) data are the basis for observing drug-related crime and are also a division of law enforcement action and drug market dynamics; they may use it to suggest policies on the implementation of drug regulations and improve the systems.

In Greece, the Hellenic Police and other prosecution executives report a steady rise in the number of DLOs and drug law offenders since 2012.

The authority found out that most of the DLOs in 2017 had a connection with the use or possession of illegal items. They found a link between approximately two-thirds of the offenses to marijuana, with opioid-related violations the next most prevalent.

Growing Cannabis Plant in Greece: Legal or Illegal?

The law prescribes that it is prohibited to raise the cannabis plant in the house. Technically speaking, it is not forbidden to buy cannabis seeds. But you cannot germinate the seeds, nor can you use them to cultivate plants.

If found growing a confined number of cannabis plants, the penalty is unlikely to be harsh. However, if they find out that you plan to harvest and share cannabis, this is considered as a much more serious offense.

Greece Climate – Ideal for Cannabis Plants

To grow, cannabis plants need warmth and light. It is something that Southern European countries such as Greece have plenty of. Building cannabis farms in the nation makes good marketing sense, and secure access to other European nations is also advantageous.

Specialists believe that, by building a cannabis industry in Greece, the economy will be increased significantly. Investors consider that the European medical marijuana market could be worth over EUR 50 billion in yearly sales.

Perceptions are changing as the sector booms ,” states Andreas Gennimatas , a company partner who is about to start manufacturing marijuana products in Greece. “ It’s just like the internet in the late ’90s “.

Medical Marijuana

Greece became the sixth European nation to legalize the use of marijuana for medical objectives in 2017.

Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras stated that f rom now on, the nation is turning its page, as Greece is now included in countries where the delivery of medical cannabis to patients in need is legal .

Moreover, the plant was deprecated from a Class A to a Class B drug. This change highlighted the softening attitude of the Greek government towards marijuana.

At this step, it was not evident how pharmaceutical businesses would grow cannabis for their medical goods. The next year, the government passed an additional rule, allowing the production of medicinal marijuana plants.

This is important, not only for sufferers in Greece demanding medical treatment but also for the economy of the country as a whole. Its warm weather is perfect for the growth of the cannabis plant and could help Greece financially in the future.

Marijuana products cultivated in Greece are not yet ready as the owners are setting up the processing plants. They assume that the first Greek-grown medical marijuana will come to the market in 2020.

Industrial Hemp in Greece

Thanks to the 2018 law allowing the growth and breeding of cannabis plants, the nation can now legally grow industrial hemp. The experts can use hemp for various objectives, from building and textiles to paper and biodegradable plastic.

As with any other sort of marijuana production, the plants utilized must contain less than 0.2% THC.

Can you Sell Marijuana in Greece

It is prohibited to sell or supply weed in Greece. If you are discovered guilty of providing it, you could be confined to imprisonment as much as for eight years.

The judge can reduce the sentence to three years if you are an addict yourself or a member of a supply club. The judge may give life imprisonment if people carry out the supply in a position of public responsibility. For example, doctors and teachers.

If the supplier is drug-dependent, they may grant provisional release once they have finished the recommended drug addiction therapy.

In some cases, they issue a penalty. Typically, it ranges between EUR 50,000 and EUR 500,000.

Buying the Best Cannabis Seeds in Greece

Under the current licensing policy of Greece, you can buy medical marijuana products with the prescription from pharmacists. The state has not financed it yet.

We do not know the exact numbers of patients, but you can assume that thousands currently utilize cannabis to relieve symptoms related to various medical ailments.

Buying CBD Products

While people have not adopted CBD in Greece, it is beginning to become more prevalent. This is mainly due to the modification in the law about medicinal usage. If the producer has collected CBD oil from EU-certified plants, it is lawfully acceptable to buy or sell it.

The CBD oil must not carry more than 0.2% THC. THC is the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis that produces the ‘high.’ The effects of THC with such a small volume are minimal.

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The First Cannabis Vending Machine in Athens

Athenians and visitors can now purchase cannabis products from a vending machine that was placed in the center of the Greek capital.

The device, which some business watchers see as a potentially significant part of the future of the cannabis retail market, is much like the devices that give soft drinks and food. The authorities have placed the new vending machine, the first of its kind, along Panepistimiou Avenue in Athens.

The machine belongs to Hemp Oil, the first official Cannabidiol (CBD) -based product shop in Greece, which intends to install a second vending machine soon in Thessaloniki.

For non-medicinal usage of marijuana users, online seed banks are the best alternatives to buy cannabis seeds. Most of the online seed banks provide high-quality seeds with a range of different strains.

Cannabis Culture in Greece

The cannabis culture in Greece these days, however, is much less aware than its illustrious history might imply.

Greek approaches to marijuana have changed noticeably in recent years. Once regarded as a serious, Class A drug, its current downgrading to Class B indicates a growing public opinion change.

For the last two years, the capital city of Athens hosted a cannabis expo devoted to sharing the medical and pharmaceutical accomplishments in the cannabis area, as well as instructing the public about products such as CBD, vaporizers, and clothes.

The most recent expo, held last January, dragged 150 vendors and 20 speakers. Some of them came from American lands like Colorado and Michigan.

If you are not a resident and just visiting Greece for a holiday, keep the following things in mind!

Marijuana Laws For Tourists

What does that suggest for the typical recreational marijuana user in Greece? Well, it indicates you shouldn’t smoke weed in public as it’s not allowed.

Greek police officers are not actively watching for cannabis when tourists pass them by, but they won’t have any difficulties stopping you if you act differently.

Even though the Greek law structure gives imprisonment for marijuana consumption, you will most likely get a penalty if you’re found with a small quantity for personal usage.

However, you might have to face the court trials. It also suggests that you might have to waste a night or two from your holidays in prison waiting for your trial.

So, even if you might get on with a fine, the entire adventure might be a really unpleasant one.

Final Verdict

Greece could become one of the largest cannabis producers in Europe if it plays its cards correctly.

The favorable environment of Greece for cannabis production and the fact that it was one of the first European nations to legalize medical marijuana farming should give it the recognition it needs to be one of the leading providers of cannabis in Europe.

While rules are becoming gradually more tolerant, it is essential to remember that using marijuana is still not legal. Also, sentences are among the most difficult in Europe.

Although the recent support of medical cannabis of the government indicates a change in the attitude. We don’t recommend seeing this as an opportunity to use it recreationally.

Here is an official video release of CannaExpo 2019. Watch it. Love it. Try it.

Buying Marijuana Seeds in Greece 2022

Like many other European countries, Greece is slowly taking steps toward a kinder legal climate for users and growers of marijuana seeds.

Despite a long history of Greek cannabis use and an ideal climate for growing marijuana seeds, cannabis seeds from seed banks have been strictly prohibited for many years. Fortunately for those who can benefit most from the therapeutic effects of weed, social attitudes toward cannabis are improving, though the Greek government has been slow to catch up.

Whether you’re a Greek resident or planning a visit, this guide will give you everything you need to know about the legal and practical aspects of buying seeds from seed banks and growing cannabis seeds in Greece.

In a Nutshell — The Legality of Buying Marijuana Seeds in Greece

Cannabis growers around the world dream of cultivating marijuana seeds in a Mediterranean climate.

Greece is the ultimate Mediterranean climate and is one of the best countries to grow cannabis seeds in. However, there are a few legal issues that you must understand before you buy and grow cannabis seeds from online or local seed banks in Greece.

Here’s a summary of cannabis regulations in Greece:

  • Medical marijuana is legal
  • Recreational cannabis is illegal
  • It’s legal to buy and possess cannabis seeds
  • It’s illegal to cultivate marijuana seeds

Continue reading to discover in-depth information regarding cannabis laws, culture, growing tips, seed strain recommendations, and which seed banks are the best to buy cannabis seeds in Greece.

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Growing Cannabis Seeds in Greece

As mentioned above — Greece is a paradise for cannabis cultivators.

However, there are a few considerations that you must understand before growing cannabis seeds in Greece.

When to Sprout Cannabis Seeds in Greece

Greece exhibits a Mediterranean climate, which means long summers and mild winters.

Overall, cannabis cultivators can germinate marijuana seeds between March and May as long as the chance of frost is over.

Issues to Consider When Growing Marijuana Seeds in Greece
Considering the legal climate of cannabis in Greece, you must be careful of:

  • Thieves
  • Law enforcement

Furthermore, you must buy cannabis seed strains that exhibit ideal characteristics, such as fast-flowering, low smell, and mold resistance for your given location.

Tips for Growing Cannabis Seeds in Greece

Now, let’s look at our time-tested tips for growing cannabis seeds in Greece.

Buy Cannabis Seeds From a Reputable Online or Local Seed Bank in Greece

Our number one tip is to always buy cannabis seeds from a reliable online or local seed bank in Greece.

Remember, reputable seed banks that ship to Greece offer healthy cannabis seeds that make the growing experience worth the time and effort!

Buy Cannabis Seeds for Your Regional Climate in Greece

Always choose cannabis seed strains from a seed bank that fit your local climate.

From fast-flowering indicas to longer-flowering sativas, Greek cultivators have a wide variety of options.

Plan Your Cannabis Garden in Advance

Last but not least is to plan your cannabis garden.

Once your cannabis seeds arrive from an online seed bank, ensure your indoor or outdoor garden is ready.

Which Marijuana Seed Store Is the Best Option For Greek Residents?

If you’re ready to buy cannabis seeds in Greece — here are the two options available to you.

Local Cannabis Seed Stores in Greece

There are currently no brick-and-mortar cannabis seed banks in Greece.

If you find a local source for cannabis seeds in Greece, it’s nearly impossible to verify the strain. With this in mind — it’s best to choose an online seed bank to buy marijuana seeds.

Online Cannabis Seed Banks That Ship to Greece

Two of our favorite trusted online seed banks are the Canadian-based Crop King Seeds and MSNL, located in the Netherlands.

MSNL Seed Bank sells a wide variety of highly-rated retail and wholesale cannabis seeds, and they throw in an extra 5-10 free seeds with every order.

Crop King Seeds is also known for its high-quality cannabis seeds. Both of these top seed banks provide discreet shipping, which means that no one, from your bank to your neighbors, will be able to tell that you ordered from a cannabis company.

It is, however, completely legal to send and receive cannabis seeds through the mail in Greece, so you can rest assured that ordering seeds online won’t cause you any trouble.

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Recommended Cannabis Seed Strains to Buy From Online Seed Banks and Grow In Greece

Here are our top three seed strain recommendations to buy and grow in Greece for the 2022 growing season.

Gorilla Glue Feminized Seed Strain

Gorilla Glue is one of the most renowned cannabis seed strains among indoor and outdoor cultivators.

Thanks to the pleasant climate of Greece, the 7-9-week flowering time is perfect. Furthermore, the yield of Gorilla Glue is massive and incredibly potent, which makes it worth it for Greek growers.

Cement Shoes Feminized Seed Strain

The Cement Shoes Feminized seed strain is an elite hybrid that offers rapid flowering, massive yields, mouth-watering terpenes, and mind-blowing potency.

In other words, the Cement Shoes seed strain is beyond top-shelf and a joy to grow in Greece.

Candy Haze Feminized Seed Strain

We couldn’t help but recommend the deliciously potent Candy Haze seed strain.

The Candy Haze Feminized seed strain offers sativa-dominant buds within 9-weeks. Furthermore, the Candy Haze seed strain is easy to grow and provides resistance to various pests and diseases.

The History of Cannabis in Greece

Marijuana naturally grows in the wild in Greece, and the ancient Greeks reportedly made good use of it for its fiber and medicinal properties – for animals and humans!

However, in 1890, The Greek government outlawed the use, sale, or possession of marijuana in any form – other than ungerminated cannabis seeds. Despite the ban, Greek use of hashish experienced a temporary surge in popularity following World War I and the Greco-Turkish War.

Many Greek soldiers and displaced ethnic Greeks who had previously been living in Turkey had become accustomed to using hashish and brought their new habit back with them when they returned to Greece.

Recent Cannabis Laws in Greece

In 1987, Greece implemented a strict set of drug laws, intended to keep in step with international treaties in place at the time. While recreational cannabis possession and personal growing of cannabis seeds remain illegal, these laws have been amended here and there over the years.

In 2013 the law was altered to permit lighter sentences for marijuana-related offenses if the offender is addicted to marijuana (or another drug), as well as for those germinating only enough cannabis seeds for their own personal use or in possession of small “personal-use” quantities of weed.

A Call for Change to Greek Cannabis Laws

Social support for the legalization of cannabis has been growing in Greece, as in many other parts of the world.

In May 2015, hundreds of cannabis advocates gathered in Athens’s Syntagma Square for the Athens Cannabis Protestival. The “protestival” was organized by members of the SYRIZA party, who have consistently advocated for the legalization of cannabis in recent years.

Two Spanish cannabis seed banks sponsored the event, and the primary intention was to draw attention to the social, public health, and economic benefits of legalizing and allowing the government-regulated sale of recreational and medicinal cannabis.

Social support for the legalization of cannabis has been growing in Greece, as in many other parts of the world.

Industrial Cultivation of Medical Marijuana Seeds in Greece

In June 2017, the Greek government legalized the use and industrial cultivation of medical cannabis seeds. It downgraded cannabis from a “table A” drug to a (considered to be less dangerous) “table B” drug.

No current bills are calling for the legalization of recreational weed in Greece. Still, as the social and political environment around cannabis continues to change, it could be possible in the years to come.

Greek Marijuana Laws – Is Weed Legal in Greece?

In 2017, Greece legalized the use of medical marijuana.

These legal changes also allow for the import and industrial growth of medical-grade cannabis. Despite huge demand, the availability of medical marijuana has been slow to take off.

There are not yet any operational dispensaries, though several pharmaceutical companies have begun investing in new growing facilities – slated to be located in northern Greece.

Furthermore, industrial hemp is legal to grow and possess in Greece, as long as THC levels remain lower than .02%. CBD products containing less than .02% THC are also legal in Greece.

Can You Buy and Possess Cannabis Seeds From Seed Banks in Greece?

The sale and possession of cannabis seeds of any type or strain are completely legal in Greece.

There are no limits on how many cannabis seeds you may possess, and it is also legal to send or receive them by post from a seed bank. It is, however, illegal to germinate cannabis seeds in Greece, including for personal medicinal use.

Greek Cannabis Laws and Sentencing

Other than prescribed medical marijuana, it is illegal to use, grow, buy, sell, or possess cannabis in any form – the one exception being cannabis seeds from seed banks.

Sentencing for cannabis-related crimes is still harsher in Greece than in many other European countries, and often includes time in prison. Since 2012, the Greek police force has seen a steady increase in drug-related offenses. A 2016 report showed that approximately two-thirds of these offenses were related to the possession of cannabis.

How to Avoid Cannabis Charges in Greece

It’s highly advisable not to travel about in Greece with cannabis on your person, as the Greek police are allowed to search you if they suspect you may own cannabis. However, carrying cannabis seeds with you is legal and will not result in legal problems if discovered.

Lenient Sentencing For Personal Use Of Cannabis in Greece

The 2013 changes to Greek cannabis law do allow for more lenient sentences for individuals found to be addicted to marijuana or who are caught with small enough quantities to be classified as “personal use.”

The decision of whether the quantity of marijuana in question falls within the “personal use” designation is completely at the judge’s discretion. The maximum prison sentence in these types of cases is now 5 months. The judge also has the option to assign a government-approved drug treatment program instead of or in addition to prison time.

The charges will not be posted on an individual’s criminal record, as long as they stay out of similar legal trouble for the following five years.

Heavy Sentencing For Cannabis Traffickers in Greece

Those caught selling cannabis on the black market, or cultivating cannabis seeds into a large crop intended for illegal sale, are typically looking at sentences of at least 8 years imprisonment.

If a marijuana dealer is addicted to drugs, they may be given a prison sentence fewer than 3 years, plus required completion of a drug-treatment program. In cases where a dealer is a professional such as a teacher or doctor, sentencing could even include life in prison.

Also, illegal cannabis dealers in Greece may be fined between 50,000 EUR and 500,000 EUR. In special cases, this fine could climb to over 1 million EUR.

Buying, Selling, Possessing, and Growing Cannabis Seeds in Greece

Usable cannabis (of varying quality) can be found and purchased on the streets in certain areas of Athens, but it is a risky venture.

Fortunately for would-be growers or seed collectors, possession of cannabis seeds from seed banks in Greece is not illegal, and it’s not necessary to take on any risk of seeking them out on the black market.

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The Weather is Perfect for Growing Cannabis Seeds in Greece

The Greek climate is perfect for growing weed outdoors – cannabis naturally grows in the wild in Greece. Of course, a controlled indoor grow room is still an option if you don’t have access to outdoor grow space. While germinating cannabis seeds remains illegal in Greece, this may be the only option private enough to be viable, though it is still risky.

With the cultivation of medical weed recently legalized in Greece, the new Greek cannabis farms are poised to have a natural advantage growing here. These ideal conditions have the potential to help the Greek cannabis seed industry expand rapidly.

Black Market Greek Cannabis Farms

The Peloponnese region of southern Greece and the island of Crete have long been known as the growing homes of some of the world’s strongest and best Sativa strains.

The islanders who tend these cannabis farms have been known to protect their illicit crops from police seizure by violent means. There have been multiple reports of Greek police officers shot and killed during attempted raids on these suspected cannabis plantations.

Greek Cannabis Culture

Despite marijuana’s illegal status, many Greek citizens still enjoy using it.

An estimated 4.5% of young adults (defined as being between the ages of 15 and 34) use cannabis recreationally in Greece, but this may not be completely accurate reporting due to legal concerns. The general population of Greece is, as in many other countries, gradually growing more accepting of marijuana as a viable medical treatment and benign recreational substance.

An example of the growing acceptance of marijuana in the Greek mainstream is the success of Greece’s first annual cannabis exposition. For several years now, the Athens Cannabis Expo has been hosted to great success.

This event features a wide variety of professional lectures on the medicinal properties of cannabis, as well as ample networking opportunities for cannabis businesses. This expo also allows for Greek citizens to learn more about cannabis and explore the latest paraphernalia and CBD products on the market.

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The Future of Cannabis Seeds, Seed Banks, and Marijuana Products in Greece

The legalization of medical marijuana in Greece is a huge step toward a positive national shift in attitude toward cannabis.

This brand-new industry is sure to make a positive impact on the Greek economy and improve the lives of so many citizens. While there are no current plans on the table for Greece to legalize personally growing cannabis seeds or using weed recreationally, these could still come up in future years, especially once the numerous benefits of the new medical marijuana industry begin to be fully realized.

However, until comprehensive cannabis legalization passes in Greece — the best option for high-quality marijuana is to grow your own seeds from a reputable seed bank that ships to Greece.

Cannabis Use in the Ancient World: Classical Greece

The cannabis plant has become recognisable the world over for a variety of reasons, from its recreational popularity to its ongoing medicinal and industrial uses. This use dates back millennia since the plant’s origins in China around 10,000 years ago.

In our ‘Cannabis Use in the Ancient World’ series, we have already discovered how the Ancient Chinese made use of the plant, reviewed Ancient Hindu medical scripts, and discussed the sacred place of cannabis in Ancient Egypt. In this article, we will be travelling back to Classical Greece in order to learn more about how the plant was used in this innovative and influential society.

While there is significant evidence of the plant’s use in many ancient societies, such as Egypt and India, less information has survived from the time of the Classical period (510-323BC). Nonetheless, the evidence that does remain reveals some interesting facts about the Greeks use of cannabis.

An Introduction to Cannabis?

Ancient and classical Greece remains one of the most influential societies in the history of the world, thanks to the ancient people’s contribution to art, literature, politics, and philosophy, among many other things. The society also belonged to a vast trading network which reached from the Mediterranean shores of Spain, Italy, Egypt and Libya to the Middle East and Asia.

It is thought that cannabis was introduced to the Greeks through these trading relationships – notably with the Scythians, Egyptians, and Persians. Surprisingly, cannabis use doesn’t appear to have caught on in Greek society until the classical age (after the period commonly referred to as Ancient Greece).

The Scythians were a nomadic people who inhabited lands from the Black Sea through to China and Southern Siberia. It was their use of the cannabis plant that appears to have first caught the eye of the Greeks around the 5th century BC. However, while the plant may not have escaped the notice of Herodotus, as he describes an experience with the plant in his Histories – Book 4, there is little evidence to suggest that the plant gathered much popularity among the Greeks in general at this time.

View from the Athens Acropolis

While it is unlikely that the cannabis plants used by the Ancient Scythians and their neighbours would have been like the high-THC varieties commonly used for recreation today, Herodotus referenced the spiritual use of the plant among the Scythians. During a funeral ceremony, the “Company” burned the seeds of the plant, like an incense:

“In this country a sort of HEMP grows, very like to flax; only longer and thicker; and much more excellent than ours, whether sowed or produced by Nature … The Scythians put the Seeds of this HEMP under the bags, upon the burning stones; and immediately a more agreeable vapor is emitted than from the incense burnt in Greece. The Company extremely transported with the scent, howl aloud.”

However, there remains little evidence that such practices were adopted by the Greeks at this time. While hemp may have been utilised for industrial purposes similar to those practised in other regions, such as the production of rope, clothing, and other textiles, it seems that recreational and spiritual uses of the plant did not catch on.

Medical Cannabis in Classical Greece

In the world of ancient and classical Greece, the theory and practice of medicine were much different than it is today. Ancient Greek medicine widely revolved around the theory of the humors. A state of good health was believed to come from a perfect balance of the four humors: blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile.

However, this ancient society apparently did appreciate the medicinal potential of the cannabis plant. Various records state the use of cannabis seeds or flowers – these terms were used interchangeably and referred to the seed-bearing effloresces of the plant – in various medical remedies.

Among the ailments for which an ancient or classical Greek citizen might find themselves prescribed cannabis are inflammation, earache, or edema (the swelling of a body part due to a build-up of fluid). Other records show how the Greeks also used the plant to dress wounds and sores on their horses

Cannabis was often ground up with other ingredients to make a medicinal preparation for such ailments. Some records state the use of cannabis with wine – a preparation that was also used in Ancient China as an early-era anaesthetic. According to James Butrica in his article ‘The Medical Use of Cannabis Among the Greeks and Romans’, cannabis seeds were steeped in water or wine, pressing out the liquid “which when warmed was instilled into the ear as a remedy for pains and inflammations associated with blockages”.

So, while references to cannabis in Ancient Greek texts remain few and far between, there is growing evidence to suggest that the Greeks may have used the plant just as much as their ancient neighbours in other parts of the world. Although there remains little evidence that cannabis use caught on widely for recreational or spiritual purposes, it appears that the Ancient and Classical Greeks also recognised the benefits of the plant.