Posted on

cannabis seed to sprout 30 days

Preparing your download

We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies .

Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

A problem was encountered, with your browser, whilst preparing your download.

Click here to go back to the article page.
Or contact our support team who will be happy to help.

Please supply the following details:

We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies .

Tomato Seed Starting Tips

Tomatoes are a tender, warm-weather crop. Start tomatoes indoors 10 to 8 weeks before the last expected frost in spring. Set tomato seedlings into the garden after all danger of frost is past.

There are more than 1,000 varieties of tomatoes—most are red, others are pink-orange, yellow, purple, brown, whitish-green, or striped.

Small tomatoes are commonly called cherry tomatoes; large tomatoes are called beef or beefsteak tomatoes; egg-shaped tomatoes are called paste or jam tomatoes. Choose tomatoes to grow according to how you plan to use them: cherry tomatoes for salads and garnish, beefsteak tomatoes for slicing, paste tomatoes for sauces.

Some tomatoes grow to bush size—these are called determinates. Others sprawl or grow as vines—these are called indeterminates. Tomatoes that are neither busing nor vining are called semi-determinates.

Tomatoes mature in 50 to 90 days from the time they are transplanted. Tomatoes are commonly transplanted about 40 to 60 days after seed sowing. That means even the quickest maturing tomato variety requires about 90 days to reach maturity from sowing.

Tomato Sowing and Planting Tips

  • Grow tomatoes from seeds or seedlings.
  • Seed is viable for 4 years.
  • Tomatoes are commonly started indoors in a greenhouse or in a warm, well-lit sunroom or kitchen.
  • Sow tomatoes 10 to 7 weeks before you intend to set plants out into the garden.
  • Sow tomatoes in individual pots with a light potting mix.
  • Sow 3 to 4 seeds to a pot then clip away the weaker seedlings once the strongest seedling is about 2 inches (5 cm) tall.
  • Sow seed ½ inch (13 mm) deep.
  • Germination soil temperature can range between 65-86°F (18-30°C); the optimum soil temperature for germinating seed is 86°F (30°C).
  • Germination takes 5 to 7 days at 75°F (24°C) or warmer.
  • Keep seed starting mix just moist until seeds germinate.
  • Tomato seed can be sown directly in the garden if the soil temperature is warm enough—and there are enough days in the season for plants to reach maturity.
  • Seeds are commonly started indoors so that seedlings can go into the garden when the outdoor soil temperature is at least 55°F (13°C) and the nighttime air temperatures is consistently 50°F (10°C) or warmer; plants will not thrive and should be protected if the air temperature is any cooler.
  • Do not transplant seedlings into the garden until all danger of frost has passed unless the plants will be protected under a plastic tunnel or cloche.
  • Seedlings started indoors should be kept under grow light or in a sunny window after germination to ensure bushy growth.
  • Water to keep the seed starting mix from drying.
  • Fertilize with fish emulsion or a soluble complete fertilizer at half strength.
  • Transfer seedlings to a larger container once they are 2 to 4 inches (5-10 cm) tall; be sure that seedlings have sufficient room for root growth. This process is called “potting up”; continue to pot up seedlings as they outgrow containers—until they are transplanted into the garden or a very large container.
  • Transplant tomatoes into medium rich garden soil 12-24 inches (30-60 cm) apart for determinate varieties; 24-46 (30-90 cm) apart for indeterminate varieties.
  • Add aged compost to planting beds in advance of transplanting.
  • Tomatoes prefer a soil pH range of 5.5 to 6.8.
  • Grow tomatoes in full sun for best yield.
  • If you plant seedlings started by another grower, select plant 6 to 8 weeks old; usually in a 4-inch (10 cm) pot. Check the bottom of the pot to be sure roots are not growing through and the plant is not root-bound.
  • When transplanting tomato seedlings, bury all but 2 inches (5 cm) of the plant; first clip away leaves and branches below the top set or two of leaves—new roots will grow from the buried stem.
  • Avoid planting tomatoes where potatoes, peppers, or eggplants have grown recently.
  • Fertilize with an organic fertilizer such as fish emulsion at half strength.
  • Common tomato pest enemies include aphids, leafhoppers, cabbage loopers, Colorado potato beetles, cucumber beetles, flea beetles, tomato hornworms, whitefies, and others.
  • Common diseases include damping off, early blight, late blight, fusarium wilt, bacterial spot and wilt, sunscald, tobacco mosaic, verticillium wilt, mosaic virus.
See also  bert's cookie dough seeds

Interplanting: Plant tomatoes with bush beans, chives, cucumbers, lettuce, marigolds, and peppers.

Container Growing Tomatoes: Choose a container large enough for the type of tomato you are growing; indeterminate tomatoes require at least a 15-gallon container, larger would be better. Determinate tomatoes that can grow in slightly smaller containers.

Tomato Planting Calendar

  • 8-6 weeks before the last frost in spring: start seed indoors for transplanting to the garden in 6 to 8 weeks.
  • 2-1 weeks before the last frost in spring: transplant seedlings to the garden under a plastic tunnel or begin to harden off seedlings; minimum soil temperature is 50°
  • After the last frost in spring, set transplants into the garden; protect plants from chilly nights or cold weather with a cloche or by wrapping spun poly row covers around the tomato cage.

Types and Classifications of Tomatoes

There are several tomato types and classifications to choose from and grow. Here are some basics:

Tomato growth form or habit:

  • Determinate bush types grow to a predetermined size and then stop—about 3 feet tall; fruits ripen all at once.
  • Indeterminate vine-like plants can grow easily to 6 feet tall or taller; fruits ripen over an extended period—usually until the plant is killed by frost.
  • Semi-determinate types grow taller than determinates but smaller than indeterminates; fruits ripen over and extended period.

Common types and names of tomatoes: There are more than 1,000 varieties of tomatoes; here is a short guide of types commonly grown:

  • Beefsteaks are large, slightly elliptical-shaped fruits; commonly used for slicing.
  • Cherry are small fruits about 1 inch (2.5 cm) in diameter, usually red or yellow-gold colored.
  • Grape-type is elliptical, egg- or pear-shaped about the size of a grape.
  • Paste types are small, oval, thick-meated fruits used for making paste or in cooking.
  • Pear types are small cherry tomatoes that are egg- or pear-shaped.
  • Plum types are also called Italian plum or Roma tomatoes; they are elongated usually 2-4 inches long.
  • Heirlooms can vary in size and appearance; these are varieties that have been in cultivation since before the late 1940s before the first hybrids were introduced. Seeds from heirlooms can be saved and will grow true.
  • Hybrids are first-generation varieties from controlled parent lines; seed from these tomatoes will not grow true.
  • Open-pollinated are tomatoes whose seeds can be saved and will grow true to the parent—unlike hybrids.

Botanical Name: Lycopersicom esculentum

Tomatoes are a member of the Solanaceae family, other members of this family are peppers, eggplants, and potatoes.

See also  buying cannabis seeds in maryland

Temporary Patient Application Information

We have switched to a new licensing portal. To learn more about it, visit this page.

Authorization to disclose patient information – This form is to be completed by the licensed patient or the legal representative of the patient. This form authorizes disclosure of medical marijuana patient information in the state of Oklahoma.

The information provided on this page contains information about temporary patient applications for adults and minors.

Out-of-state applicants: Per OMMA rules, we are able to honor another active and valid state-issued medical marijuana license. We cannot honor a letter from a physician in another state in place of a state-issued license. All application requirements for an Oklahoma medical marijuana temporary patient license still apply. Once the application has been submitted, all application fees are non-refundable.

60-day in-state physician recommendations cannot be used for 30-day temporary out-of-state patients. Out-of-state licenses are only valid for 30 days.

Temporary Adult Patient FAQs

What is a medical marijuana temporary adult patient license?

A medical marijuana temporary adult patient license allows an individual with a valid medical marijuana license from another state to legally buy, use, and grow medical marijuana and medical marijuana products in Oklahoma. This license will be in the form of an identification card to prove an individual is a license holder. This card will contain the patient’s name, photo, date of birth, city and county of residence, the type of license, expiration date, and the patient’s unique medical marijuana license number.

How long does my temporary adult patient license last?

Temporary licenses are valid for 30 days, but cannot exceed the expiration date of the out-of-state license. Temporary applicants may not renew their license. They must submit a new application upon expiration of their temporary license. Applications can be submitted within one week prior to the expiration of the temporary license.

How do I apply for a temporary adult patient license?

Applications and payment will be collected at omma.ok.gov. A valid email address is required for login. This email address will be used to send notices once an account is created.

What information do I need to provide in the temporary adult patient application?

The following information is required about a temporary adult patient license:

  • Full name
  • Residence and mailing address
  • Date of birth
  • Telephone number and email address
  • Information about the out-of-state medical marijuana license
  • Patient signature dated within 30 days of the application date

What documentation do I need to provide in the temporary adult patient application?

The following documentation is required for the application:

  • Out-of-state medical marijuana license (digital, color copy of the front and back)
  • Proof of identity (digital, color copy of one of the following):
    • State-issued driver’s license (front and back)
    • State-issued identification card (front and back)
    • U.S. passport or other photo identification issued by the U.S government

    How much does a temporary adult application cost?

    The temporary license application fee is $100. There are no reduced fees for temporary patients. Application fees will be paid by Visa, MasterCard, or Discover credit or debit card. An additional credit card processing fee will be added to the transaction. These application and processing fees are non-refundable. The payment will not be refunded for applications not approved.

    Can out-of-state residents receive a two-year or 60-day in-state license with a physician recommendation?

    No. Temporary out-of-state licenses are 30 days and require an out-of-state, state-issued medical marijuana license, as opposed to a physician recommendation.

    Temporary Minor Patient FAQs

    What is a medical marijuana temporary minor patient license?

    A medical marijuana minor patient license allows a minor with a valid medical marijuana license from another state to legally buy, use, and grow medical marijuana and medical marijuana products in Oklahoma. These licenses will be in the form of an identification card to prove an individual is a license holder. This card will contain the individual’s name, photo, date of birth, city and county of residence, the type of license, expiration date, and the unique medical marijuana license number.

    The online application system will ask for parent/legal guardian information along with the minor’s information. The name of the parent/legal guardian who signs the minor’s application will be placed on the minor’s patient license.

    Can parents and legal guardians get a caregiver license for a minor who applies for a temporary license?

    No. However, the name of the parent/legal guardian who signs the minor’s application will be placed on the minor’s temporary patient license so the parent/legal guardian can buy medical marijuana for the minor.

    Please note that licensed temporary minor patients cannot enter a dispensary without a parent or legal guardian.

    How long does a temporary minor patient license last?

    Temporary licenses are valid for 30 days but cannot exceed the expiration date of the out-of-state license. Temporary applicants may not renew their license. They must submit a new application upon expiration of their temporary license. Applications can be submitted within one week prior to the expiration of the temporary license.

    How do I apply for a temporary minor patient license?

    Applications and payment will be collected at omma.ok.gov. A valid email address is required for login. This email address will be used to send notices once an account is created.

    What information is required in the temporary minor patient application?

    The following information is required about the minor patient:

    • Full name
    • Residence and mailing address
    • Date of birth
    • Telephone number and email address (if applicable)
    • Information about the out-of-state medical marijuana license

    The following information is required about the parent or legal guardian:

    • Full name
    • Residence and mailing address
    • Date of birth
    • Telephone number and email address
    • Signature dated within 30 days of the application date

    What documentation do I need to provide in the temporary minor patient application?

    The following unexpired, valid documentation is required for the minor patient: