California Marijuana Seeds and Cannabis Genetics
Marijuana Seeds In California
Marijuana Seeds In California really took off after California voted to legalize medical marijuana. The Sunshine State attempted to legalize marijuana as far back as 1972, but it wasn’t until 1996 that cannabis activists celebrated a major victory. Over two decades later voters in California decided it was time to legalize recreational cannabis. After recreational marijuana was legalized California Marijuana Seeds Online really accelerated the online purchases of Marijuana Seeds.
Although California wasn’t the first state to legalize recreational cannabis, they did pave the way for the rest of the country by continually pushing for marijuana law reform. It was decided in 2017 that recreational marijuana would finally be a reality, but it wasn’t until 2018 that it became official. Now that Californians are allowed to consume their favorite plant, it’s time to look at the laws regarding recreational cannabis in California.
Growing Cannabis From Seed in California
Buying Marijuana Seeds in California is now legal. You can buy Marijuana Seeds online now Residents take advantage of their ability to grow nearly year-round in places like Southern California. 2018 marked a historical moment when growers across the state were legally allowed to buy cannabis seeds. California marijuana seeds are vigorous growers under the bright sun, but there are a few rules when it comes to growing.
First, anyone that comes into contact with a cannabis plant must be 21 years or older. Next, individuals are allowed to grow up to 6 cannabis seeds to full maturity. This means that you’re allowed to have 6 marijuana plants at any size, but they must be out of sight. If they’re grown indoors than they must be kept in a room that’s locked.
Before recreational cannabis was legalized, medicinal growers were allowed to grow 6 plants per individual with a medical license, as long as the number remained under 99.
Consuming Cannabis in California
Residents and tourists that are 21 years and older are legally allowed to buy and consume cannabis. They’re allowed to do so only in a private residence, and consuming marijuana in public can lead to to a hefty fine or even jail time.
The amounts that are allowed is 1-ounce of dried flowers and 8-grams of concentrate. This is one of the lower allowances in cannabis-friendly states.
Driving under the influence of cannabis is also punishable in a similar manner as drunk driving, so it’s imperative that you don’t smoke and drive. Even if you’re not high while driving, having an open container of cannabis will land you in hot water as well.
As with other states, it’s illegal to use marijuana within 1,000-feet of a school, daycare, or youth center while children are in the area. The same goes for private residences if children are located within the building. You’re also not allowed to smoke anywhere where tobacco is prohibited, but this law is redundant since users aren’t allowed to use cannabis in public.
Long gone are the days that California residents could go into their back yard and make their own BHO. Cannabis laws in California deem that all extracts using flammable solvents is illegal unless licensed to do so.
Seed-To-Sale Requirement for Cannabis Businesses
Regulations are much more strict in California as tax revenue hasn’t been what was expected. The main concern for regulators and cannabis business operators alike is the black market. Black market cannabis takes over half the business that’s seen in California-based dispensaries, and due to this, now require all cannabis-based products to be trackable through a cannabis seed-to-sale system.
This new requirement is meant to decrease the prevalence of black market marijuana sales so that California communities can reap tax revenue dollars. If residents are buying their marijuana from local dealers, then dispensaries aren’t able to leverage the 15% state tax on each sale. This results in California communities missing out on millions of dollars for new schools, human services, and other benefits.
Luckily, individual growers aren’t affected by this new law, which means you’re able to grow any of the latest and exciting marijuana strains that are now available in-store or online. As breeders find new and innovative strains to work with, the cannabis seed market is full of unique genetics. Marijuana Seeds can be found for most all genetics you may want.
If you’re ready to buy cannabis seeds to start a new adventure, then there’s no better place to look than Fancy Weed. Fancy Weed is a Washington-based marijuana breeder that provides top-shelf and professionally crafted cannabis strains. FancyWeed is a regular at California-based marijuana festivals offering their elite cannabis seeds and genetics, and if you’re unable to meet at one of these events, shipping is available. You can find quality Marijuana Seeds here.
‘Times are really, really tough’: Plummeting cannabis prices strain small Northern California farmers
Humboldt County cannabis farmers are drowning in a flooded market. As the price of cannabis continues to fall, small farmers struggling to stay afloat fear for the sustainability of their future.
Jason Gellman, a second-generation cannabis farmer and owner of Ridgeline Farms in Southern Humboldt, has watched the cannabis industry evolve since he was a kid. He admitted that he has an advantage because his brand is well known throughout the region and much of the state. Even still, he said he’s struggling to sell his crop.
“Times are really, really tough for small farmers,” he said. “Most of us are in the red right now and if you are lucky enough to sell your product, it seems to be the average price per pound is around $700 which is way, way down. The county wants their money, the state wants their money, the banks want their money, the trimmers need to be paid and all of the other fees. For a small farmer, it costs around $500 to grow a pound. It’s barely paying the bills.”
In June, the wholesale price for cannabis from last year’s harvest dropped from around $1,200 a pound when the 2021 light deprivation or “dep” crop began to hit the market, according to Humboldt County Growers Alliance executive director Natalynne DeLapp.
“The wholesale price for 2021 deps is between $650 and $750 a pound,” she said. “The wholesale price for 2020 AAA grade flower is between $400 and $500 a pound, otherwise as low as $200 to $400 per pound. Some farmers are having their 2020 harvest returned from distributors because they are unable to sell it. This is after paying for trimming ($70 to $200 per pound), testing and paying state harvest taxes ($154 per pound).”
DeLapp attributed the dramatic fall in price to “massive overproduction” across the state.
“California farmers are producing four to five times more cannabis than our legal market can consume,” she said. “Simple supply and demand economics demonstrates when your supply outpaces your demand, the prices go down. The question of survivability is in question.”
Currently, there are 1,775 acres of cannabis licensed by the state – 435 of which are in Humboldt County – which conservatively produces more than 6 million pounds of cannabis annually, however, California only consumes approximately 2.5 million pounds of cannabis annually, DeLapp said, citing data from the California Department of Food and Agriculture’s 2017 Standard Regulatory Impact Analysis.
“Not all cannabis consumed in California is purchased at legal retailers, so a very conservative estimate is that we’re producing twice what the legal market can consume, but in reality, it’s probably worse than that,” DeLapp explained. “The bulk of this overproduction is attributable to large-scale farms outside the Emerald Triangle, on the Central Coast and elsewhere, where it’s common for single farms to be permitted for dozens of acres. These areas are continuing to bring hundreds of acres of new production online despite the fact that there’s no market for new large-scale production.”
How did we get here?
To understand how cannabis producers reached this point of overproduction, DeLapp said it is essential to understand the history of cannabis in California.
“The cannabis industry began the process of engaging with local and state legislature to develop a regulatory structure for cannabis,” she explained. “Proposition 215 was passed in 1996, which authorized the compassionate use and cultivation of cannabis but it was largely unregulated until the Medical Marijuana Regulation Safety Act was signed by law by Gov. Jerry Brown in October 2015.”
Simultaneously, Humboldt County was developing the state’s first cannabis land use ordinance in anticipation of state legalization which the Board of Supervisors signed into law in February 2016. By August 2016, more than 2,500 pre-existing farms had signed up with the county and initiated the process of coming into compliance.
Proposition 64 legalized the recreational use of cannabis in November 2016.
“Prop. 64 eliminated the prohibition on vertical integration and also made promises to the cannabis industry that unlimited cultivation would not be allowed until 2023,” DeLapp said. “…Starting January 2018, the acreage cap was eliminated. When that acreage cap was eliminated it allowed CDFA to start accepting stacked licensing which is what allowed for these very, very large farms to come online. When we’re asking why there is an overproduction problem it is because of Prop. 64 and the removal of the acreage cap that failed to rein cannabis production in the state of California.”
Come 2023, the state will allow even larger “Type 5” cultivation licenses to be issued. Gellman fears this shift could open the door for unlimited cultivation.
“We got to hold the line on prices, there has to be a cap on square footage or a cap on licenses,” he said. “If the state allows unlimited cultivation come in 2023, we can just kiss this industry goodbye but right now we still have a fighting chance.”
Although the future remains uncertain, Jason Gellman said he will not give up his farm or his passion for growing quality cannabis. (Jason Gellman — Contributed)
Calls for action
While small farmers like Gellman are demanding a cap on acreage, DeLapp leaned toward a shift in strategy and called for short and long-term solutions to better support small farmers.
“The light at the end of the tunnel is interstate and international commerce,” DeLapp said. “We’re still probably two to three years away from that, so the big question is how the county can support farmers to keep their heads above water until then, and how we can use the time we have to build a craft Humboldt cannabis brand so that we hit the ground running when those new markets open up.”
The Humboldt County Grower’s Alliance is hoping to win the bid to market the county’s cannabis. DeLapp said the best thing the county can do to build long-term resilience for the industry is to go all-in on developing her organization’s strategy.
“Humboldt’s cannabis businesses cannot compete in a commodity market,” she said. “What makes Humboldt special is our terroir, our story, and our history — that cannot be replicated elsewhere.”
As the county works towards these goals, farmers need relief.
“Humboldt County seems to be one of the harder counties to get your full permits. That came with so many costs and so much money we’ve had to put into the permitting process which drained a lot of our savings prior to this,” Gellman said. “I still haven’t completed all of the county’s requirements for my permit after six years and I have a (9,600 square foot) farm. … It just seems like everybody’s taking from the farmer and we aren’t making the money back.”
Every dollar counts, DeLapp said.
“The county can support efforts at the state and federal levels to bring relief to farmers,” she said. “At the state level, it’s essential that the cultivation tax is eliminated — no matter how low the price of cannabis drops, the state still taxes cultivation at a flat rate of $154 per pound. And at the federal level, we need a legalization bill that recognizes cannabis as an agricultural activity which would provide protection for small farmers rather than pushing the industry towards further consolidation.”
DeLapp also called on the county to give farmers some wiggle room to complete compliance agreements for “big-ticket items,” such as road improvements and culvert replacements and for the county’s Planning and Building Department to reassess how it bills for services related to cannabis permitting.
Gellman agreed, noting that the county and state should provide incentives for smaller farms.
“If you’re 10,000 square feet and under there should be some kind of tax breaks available since you’re growing less product,” he said. “…There are a lot of really good people that have given their life savings to get their farms in order and because of that I blame the county because it could have been a lot easier but they just keep taking and taking.”
As bleak as things may seem, Gellman said he doesn’t plan on giving up his farm.
“I’m so highly invested and this is what I know, this is what a lot of us know and what a lot of us have been doing our whole lives, so we’re not just going to start a new career all of the sudden in our 40s,” he said. “We’re still in a beautiful place, we’re surrounded by friends and family, so we’ll make it. We’ll survive one way or the other. We were very poor growing up as young kids here and we still had a great childhood, we’ll just have to change our ways a little bit and make sure we keep the quality of our product. It’s quality over quantity.”
Humboldt County Planning and Building director John Ford did not respond to the Times-Standard’s request for comment ahead of print deadline.
Israel’s CanBreed gets hemp growing and breeding license in California
Startup uses gene-editing technology to create cannabis seeds that are uniform and high quality, in a bid to increase profitability in the industry with more resilient species
Shoshanna Solomon is The Times of Israel’s Startups and Business reporter
CanBreed, an Israeli genetics and seed company that develops and enhances uniform and stable cannabis seeds, said Tuesday that its fully owned subsidiary CanBreed Farms Inc. has received a license to grow and breed hemp seeds in the farm it owns in San Diego County in California.
The company bought the 1.4-acre farm last November for around $1 million. The license is valid for one year and is renewable annually.
At the farm, the construction of a hemp seeds production facility is underway. The farm’s initial planned capacity is 12.5 million seeds a year, which will gradually increase to 50 million seeds a year.
Nearly 500 thousand acres of hemp is currently grown in the USA and is forecasted to increase fivefold by the end of the decade, reflecting a potential addressable market of at least $5 billion for hemp seeds in the US alone, compared with a $1 billion potential market today, the company said in a statement.
At the site of the San Diego farm the firm is also building labs, greenhouses, and facilities to produce the seeds. The company expects the farm to become fully operational during the fourth quarter of this year, and commence production of the first batches of seeds for the US market towards year’s end. In mid-2021, the company will begin recruiting professional staff to operate the farm, the statement said.
The grant of the hemp growing and breeding license by the State of California will enable the company to commence activities as soon as the construction works are completed.
Founded in 2017 by Ido Margalit and Tal Sherman, CanBreed’s goal is to increase the profitability of cannabis farming by enabling growers to supply uniform and high-quality seeds for the cannabis industry.
The company said in December that it has completed the development of the first stable and uniform hybrid cannabis seeds, with 100% of the traits of their parent plants using genetic editing tools. Unlike most agricultural crops that are grown from stable seeds, cannabis plants are presently reproduced through cloning, by using cuttings from mother plants. Cloning is done to ensure genetic identity between the offspring and the mother plants, which until now could not be achieved by growing cannabis from seeds because there were no stable, or genetically identical, cannabis seeds.
The cloning process, however, is not ideal: cloning ensures a genetic identity between the offspring and the mother plant, but on the other hand, the cloning methods that exist today, such as tissue cultures, do not prevent the aging of the mother plants. Thus, similar to the natural aging processes that take place in any living organism, including humans, mother plants accumulate age-related mutations and changes in the genome that cause differences in the chemical profile of the plant. This leads to the fact that despite being genetically identical, the chemical profile of offspring differs from those of the young mother plants.
CanBreed believes that with its production of stable cannabis seeds, using gene editing technology, it will enable farmers to grow greater quantities of high quality cannabis plants using seeds, “making cloning redundant,” CanBreed CEO Ido Margalit said in a recent interview.
The company has also received a commercial license to use the gene-editing technology CRISPR-Cas9 in its work to enhance the genetic properties of its seeds with its core platform, YieldMax.
CRISPR technology, developed by Corteva Biosciences and the Broad Institute of MIT, enables precise editing of organisms’ DNA to activate or inactivate genes, holding promise for medical and agricultural application.
Last November, CanBreed said it had successfully edited a gene that confers resistance to powdery mildew disease in cannabis by using CRISPR-Cas9 technology.
The company is based in Givat Chen, Israel, where the use of medical cannabis is legally permissible, and operates one of the largest R&D centers and seeds production facility in the country.
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