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Seed identification guide before planting

Cannabis Seed Identification Guide: distinguishing viable seeds from non-viable seeds before planting

Strong, high quality cannabis seeds will ensure a high quality cannabis plant. So, if and how is it possible to identify whether cannabis seeds are good or not? And how long do these seeds retain their vitality? Answers on seed identification:

Identification of a seed

Most of the cannabis seeds offered for sale in seed shops are of high quality. In most cases, they exhibit high germination rates of at least 95% and sometimes even higher . On the other hand, seeds from an unknown source may well be defective and eventually lead to the growth of a weak and disease-prone plant with slow growth rate and low harvest potential.

You can tell a lot about the health of a seed by looking at it. Here are a few different things you should look for when deciding whether a cannabis seed is good or not.

Dark color

Good cannabis seeds will be brown, black and / or gray. White or green seeds are immature and unlikely to germinate. Your seed should also have scratches or spots all around.

Waxy coating

A healthy seed will have a thin waxy coating around it. This coating seems to have a slight shine.

Hard shell

You should be able to lightly squeeze a seed without crushing. If a seed crushes easily between your fingers, the seed is probably dead or weak and will not grow well.

No cracks

Inspect the entire seed to make sure there are no small cracks or holes. This will likely cause the seeds to not sprout.

Means of testing cannabis seeds

You have a basic guide to distinguish good from bad seeds. Now if the doubt persists, here are several ways to test the seeds.

Test method No.1: seeds floating in water

It’s a great test that works for many different seeds – and not just cannabis. Take your seeds and drop them in a cup full of hot water (not too hot) then wait a few hours. If they sink, they are probably good for a crop. If they don’t leak, they’re probably dead and won’t grow.

Note: Do this only if you are ready to germinate your plants. Otherwise, it could hurt your seed.

2 test method: just before and try to sprout the seed

I know it sounds obvious, but it really is the best information .

If you really want to know if a cannabis seed is capable of germinating, put it in the ground .

How to sprout a cannabis seed

This is the first step in the journey from your cannabis nursery to a whole plant. There are several ways to do this. One of the ways is to just plant it in your soil and see if a plant appears. It’s old school, but no one can deny its simplicity. Plant the seed about 1/4 “(inch) deep and wait.

Another way is to put the seeds on a damp paper towel. Make sure the paper towel is damp, but not too wet… If it gets dry, you can add a few drops of water to the paper towel. Leave the paper towel in a dark place. Remember that the time varies between strains. Some may take just 2 days, while others may take longer… Keep checking them once a day.

Male or female ?

Unfortunately, there is no way of knowing if a cannabis seed is going to be male or female. And just by looking at it or doing a simple test.

If you want feminized seeds, you will need to buy them from a reputable seed bank. Make sure they say they are “feminized” – if they don’t, the seeds probably won’t, or rather randomly. These are the so-called “regular” seeds

If all you get is a bag seed, the only way to know if it’s going to be male or female is to develop it.

expiration

The seeds have an expiration date. But if you store your seeds properly, they can remain viable for years and years. Moisture, UV degradation and extreme temperatures could affect the quality of your seeds.

If you plan to store your seeds for a long time, be sure to keep them in an airtight container in a dark area. Ideally, seeds should be stored in an air-conditioned area (such as inside your home rather than in a shed or garage). A survey shows that cannabis seeds sealed in the laboratory were still viable after 19 years.

Conclusion

It’s nice to know what to look for, but in the end the best test is just to put it in the ground.

If you are using seed bags you never really know what you will get anyway. If you bought your seeds from a seed bank, you shouldn’t worry about it.

Buy Cannabis Seeds Kansas

Buying Cannabis Seeds Kansas has never been easier. With direct shipping coming out of the USA, we offer the highest quality Cannabis Seeds in the US. Shipping is free when you order over $99, and you will also receive Free Seeds if you are paying by Cash. Furthermore, we of course have other payment methods such as Paypal, Cash, and Bitcoin. The Seed Fair holds some of the largest inventory online when it comes to buying Cannabis Seeds. From our favorites of White Widow, Northern Lights, and Girl Scout Cookie, you will also find the best quality here at The Seed Fair.

Kansas is a great place to grow, is the Sunflower State, and is known for the best Universities in the country. As well, with a rich history of culture and attractions, it is no surprise why we love Kansas. Subsequently, some of the best weed farmers in the world are in Kansas. We have many different Cannabis Seeds that you can choose from for the home beginner grower to the more experienced. Choose our selection of Indica, Sativa, Auto Flower, and Feminized Seeds. In addition, we buy from the best producers from the around the world. Our search is never done when it comes to providing our customers the best Marijuana Seeds from our planet. Shipping to Kansas can be 5 to 10 business days depending on USPS and Buy Cannabis Seeds Kansas.

Free Seeds with our Payment Methods

As well, The Seed Fair ships discreetly and your charges on your bill will also be discreet as well. There are many great ways to add Free Seeds to your order. As a result, Pay by Cash and receive 5 Free Seeds. If you are ordering over $99 your shipping will be free.

With all orders we guarantee delivery and will promise 90% germination rate

In addition, Kansas is finally going Green, take advantage of our products we have to offer today. In order for us to serve you better, get in touch with us by using the chat below and we can answer any questions you may have. Thank you for choosing The Seed Fair, and buy cannabis seeds Kansas today!

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How To Choose The Best Cannabis Seeds For You

Our Cannabis Seeds for sale have very high yields and have a germination percentage of 90%. When choosing the right Marijuana Seed to grow, always look for the level of difficulty when choosing. We carry many variety of seeds that require different skill levels. Our Marijuana Seeds will have a chart on how to grow, quality of the seed, and a description of the effects as you smoke. Click below on our products so that you can begin to discover the great seeds that awaits you!

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What are the specific Cannabis Seeds and how do I know what is best for me

Weed Seeds essentially are all Feminized. These seeds are created by putting together two female plants and creating the offspring with only an X chromosome. Feminized seeds are the most popular when buying Pot Seeds. The premium seeds we carry are cultivated from well nurtured feminized plants. Feminized Green Seeds always produce vibrant, dense, high yielding buds than the male marijuana seed. Plants that are grown from feminized Marijuana seeds are able to self pollinate. By doing so you will be able to produce a very high yielding crop that you can enjoy and smoke everyday when you buy cannabis seeds Kansas.

Regular Marijuana Seeds

The Seed Fair also carry’s non feminized marijuana seeds as well. These seeds you can find on our site are called Regular Marijuana Seeds. These seeds are considered as an “unsexed” type of plant. Regular Weed Seeds are completely natural that have not been chemically altered or genetically modified in any form. They are bred from pure genetics one male and one female and produce a 50/50 mix. Feminized Cannabis Seeds are the most popular in Marijuana Seeds. However many still like buying Regular Marijuana Seeds so we keep a great selection available for all customers. Regular Marijuana Seeds offer a lower price usually than the feminzed seed and often does a better job in keeping the genetics of each parent marijuana plant.

High CBD Cannabis Seeds

We also have started to carry High CBD Pot Seeds. CBD has become increasingly more popular amongst online dispensaries. CBD (Cannabidol) is a non psychoactive foundation of marijuana which means that it is not meant to make you high, but simply help you with ailing issues. Medical issues such as chronic pain, migraines etc. Many customers are looking for the treatment that Cannabis can provide without being stoned. CBD works by blocking receptors in the brain to help combat against chronic pain, stress, nausea, headaches as well been known to stop seizures. The Seed Fair has the best in CBD Marijuana Seeds as well as the best service when looking for the marijuana seed that is just right for you.

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Buy Cannabis Seeds Kansas

Buying Marijuana Seeds online in the USA can be very frustrating. Many dispensaries have late shipments, issues with product germination and as well as payment methods. The Seed Fair helps make your Pot Seed experience easier than most companies. We keep our shipments fast and discreet but making sure there are no labels on the packages. We ship mostly by express shipping to make sure you receive your product on time. As well we keep simple payment methods so that your payment for your Pot Seeds are protected. Since we have a location in the USA we will be able to ship your products to your door with no issues. Choose The Seed Fair today!

Buy Cannabis Seeds Online In Canada

We also have a location in Canada as well. Buying Marijuana Seeds online in Canada has never been easier. We use our shipping methods through Canada Post to make your delivery faster and easier. We have many different payment methods for your Pot Seeds including E Transfer. Choosing this payment method you can do at checkout and makes paying your Marijuana seeds very discreet and easy. Our products that deliver in Canada are of the highest yielding and highest quality of Weed Seeds online in Canada. Choose The Seed Fair today so that we can show you we are the best online!

How to Germinate Feminized Marijuana Seeds

Feminized Marijuana Seeds should be germinated the same way as all the other strains. Our preferred method is to soak your marijuana seeds in water for 14 to 17 hours. Then you will need to transfer your seeds carefully into a paper towel. Fold the towel over two times and add a couple droplets of water on the towel. Place your towel of Pot Seeds in a dark and warm location with a temperature range of 70 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit.

Keep the towel always damp and this will help mimic nature to help your seeds crack and sprout. Once the marijuana seeds have incubated between 2 to 7 days depending on the strain you chose, there should be a white root starting to show. Once this root (known as a tap root) reaches one half inch, you can finally transplant the seed into your growing medium. You will need to poke a hole with a pencil (1/4 inch) and drop the seed making sure the tap root is facing down. Water the soil lightly to keep it moist a couple times per day. When your leaves from your Cannabis Seed starts growing out you are on the first start to growing your marijuana plant.

Why Choose The Seed Fair When You Buy Cannabis Seeds Kansas

The Seed Fair has a dedication to our customers to help bring quality and great client care to each of our members. We search the globe for high end marijuana seeds so that our customers can choose from the best on our planet. We are fully online to help you with any questions that you may have. You may contact us by email and or our online chat with any questions regarding your order as well as product and growing questions. We are trying to give our customers the best when it comes to buy cannabis seeds Kansas. Try The Seed Fair today and you will not be disappointed. Oh also don’t forget to subscribe to our newsletter as we do email out many great discounts on a weekly basis.

Cannabis legalization in Kansas

Cannabis seeds are federally legal. Can I buy Cannabis Seeds Kansas? Let us find out.

Before the 2018 administrative meeting, Kansas was perhaps the strictest state in the US regarding forbidding cannabis. Kansas initially prohibited cannabis in 1927, as most states west of the Mississippi River did. From that point forward, Kansas has scarcely changed its position on the plant.

In Kansas, cannabis for any existing reason is illicit. Just CBD with 0% THC is legal in the state. Kansas law puts no limitations on where CBD can be administered, yet it should not be smoked or vaped in flower form because numerous accessories for cannabis are illegal.

Patients or guardians of minor patients with incapacitating ailments who have CBD oil with under 5% THC can stay away from criminal conviction with a letter from their doctor. In any other case, they can be arrested, charged, and prosecuted.

Ownership of even tiny, individual cannabis amounts is a Class B crime that can result in a jail term of up to six months and a $1,000 fine for the primary offense.

On April 20, 2018, Gov. Jeff Colyer endorsed SB 263, otherwise called the Alternative Crop Research Act. This act asked the Kansas Department of Agriculture (KDA) to dispatch a program, as a team with Kansas’ state-funded colleges, examining the suitability of modern hemp, characterized as cannabis without any than 0.3% THC content.

Soon after, in May 2018, Colyer signed SB 282, which expressly altered the lawful meaning of cannabis to exclude cannabidiol (CBD), in this way authorizing wide admittance to CBD items in as much as they contain zero THC.

To guarantee the protection, the patient or parent should have with them at the exact arrest time and a letter from a doctor authorized in Kansas that expresses the patient’s “crippling ailment.” The letter should be on the doctor’s letterhead and dated inside the most recent 15 months. The law did exclude a rundown of conditions; however, it specified a restoratively analyzed illness or disease that weakens strength or capacity, including seizures.

What Does A Healthy Weed Seed Look Like?

The cannabis industry is growing and evolving at a rapid pace. There are new strains being developed, new products on the market, and a whole lot of people trying to make a buck off the trend. It is important for consumers to know how to tell if they’re getting quality seeds or not. Let us walk you through some easy steps that will help you identify whether your seed is worth buying or not!

Shape

It is pretty easy to tell if a seed is likely of decent quality or not. A good seed looks like a miniature avocado and is round with a pointy tip on both ends. These seeds are called “round-seeded” and usually produce high-quality cannabis plants. Seeds that aren’t perfectly round will most likely not produce high-quality cannabis. These seeds are called “flat-seeded” and usually do not produce high-grade cannabis plants.

A good seed is about the same size as a pea or just slightly larger. If your seed looks like it has some kind of disease or is abnormally large then do not use that seed to grow weed. Small, almost dust sized seeds are definitely not good choices for growing your own cannabis with. These tiny seeds are very likely immature, which will result in subpar cannabis that has very low yields.

Dark or light color?

The color of your seed can tell you if it’s healthy or not. White, gray, greenish seeds are usually signs that the seed has been treated with chemicals. The darker the seeds are, the more healthy it is! White or light-colored seeds are usually immature or have been falsely identified as female.

Discoloration isn’t necessarily a sign that your seed is bad, but if you notice any browning, hole-punching, wrinkling, or see the seed splitting then your seed is most likely past its prime and may not grow into high-quality cannabis.

Smell

If you can’t even tell what it smells like, it probably doesn’t smell great. A good seed should have a distinct aroma that is either sweet or spicy in nature. When in doubt, don’t use it!

Molds can form on seeds that are exposed to moisture and high humidity conditions for long periods of time. It is best to avoid these as they can harm your plants and result in lost harvests.

Texture

Seeds that are smooth with no cracks or rough textures usually produce high-quality cannabis plants. Seeds that have any kind of strange textures, colors, markings, etc… are most likely unhealthy and should be used for non-cannabis related purposes only.

The Tips of the Seeds

The tips are called “hilum” areas, which is where the cannabis plant absorbs nutrients from the ground. If there are any white crystals on the hilum then that means it was treated with chemicals and isn’t good to use. You can easily scrape off this white substance with your fingernail or a knife.

Kernel Skin Ripped

If you see the skin of the seed has been ripped, then it’s time to say goodbye. The kernel skin is used to determine how big your cannabis plant gets and what kind of yield you will get out of it. Seeds that have their kernels removed often end up not growing into very big plants.

Ripe Seeds

A good seed is considered ripe when it is at the point where it will fall out of its pod if you give it a gentle shake. If your seed isn’t ready yet, then don’t use it! Wait until the seed has turned brown with some yellowish hues. This means that the seed is ready to use.

These simple guidelines will allow you to easily identify whether your seeds are good or not. If you follow this easy-to-follow guide, you can rest assured that the next time you order some new cannabis genetics for your grow room, they’ll be of the best quality when you buy cannabis seeds Kansas!

10Buds Growing Guide

Whether it’s your first time growing weed or you’re a cultivation expert, 10Buds provides the most up-to-date information on how to grow cannabis.

Never waste a cent again by choosing the perfect cannabis strain from the best online seed bank with our in-depth reviews. Whether you grow cannabis indoors or outdoors, we’ve curated grow guides that are a cut above the rest and tailored to growers of every skill level.

Allow us to guide you through the process of growing weed, such as germination, vegetation, flowering, and, ultimately, harvesting and curing top-shelf cannabis flowers. From start to finish, our step-by-step grow guides cover everything from A-Z to ensure a trichome-packed harvest.

When you’re ready to take your cannabis garden to the next level, our cannabis grow guides are the ultimate source.

Step 0: Cannabis 101

If you’ve never grown weed before — this section is for you. Step 0 is the basics of growing cannabis and answers all of the necessary questions before you begin to grow your own weed.

If it’s not your first time growing weed and you feel confident with the basics, head over to Step 1.

Growing Marijuana is Cheap

One of the best reasons to grow your own cannabis is because it can be as cheap as you want it to be.

Where some growers spend hundreds of thousands of dollars setting up a state-of-the-art grow facility — you can harness the power of the sun, a garden hose, and dirt straight from your backyard.

Whether you grow marijuana indoors or outdoors, there’s always tips and tricks to keep the bill down and the yield way up.

Growing Weed is Easy

Easy is a relative word; however, cannabis is called weed for a reason.

That’s right; cannabis is a prolific grower that’s typically tough to kill and extremely beginner-friendly. As with anything, you’ll come across a difficult strain to grow at some point, but never-the-less, marijuana is one of the easiest plants to grow and well worth your time.

You Can Control The Quality When Growing Your Own Weed

Unless you grow your own cannabis, you can never trust the quality of another grower.

Cannabis plants are grown worldwide and are traded multiple times until they reach you — the consumer. From pesticides to poor agricultural practices, you’ll never know how the plant was grown or what was put on it.

One of the best reasons to grow your own weed is because you can control the quality. The final product is everything you want it to be — from organic soil to meticulously trimmed buds that you want to smoke.

Growing Cannabis is Fun!

There’s nothing more fun than coming home to inspect your ladies.

After a long day, you’ll be hard-pressed to feel frustrated while gazing at a room (or closet) full of beautiful cannabis plants. Since you’re new, every aspect of growing marijuana will be filled with wonder and excitement.

See also  sourdough cannabis in stock seeds

Growing weed is a hands-on experience that forces you to feel the plants, smell the flowers, and indulge in the final product. Believe us when we say that growing weed will change your life forever.

Ditch the Dispensary or Dealer

Buying weed is outrageously expensive. If you’re tired of paying upwards of $20 per gram for WhoKnows OG, it’s high time to learn how to grow your own marijuana.

Once you learn how to grow weed, each gram can be as cheap as $1. That’s right — growing weed significantly drops the price — so you can pocket the cash and smoke the best homegrown on the block.

You Can Make Money From Growing Weed

Another primary reason why you should grow marijuana is that you can make money.

Whether you decide to make growing cannabis your profession eventually or you want to smoke for free — making a bit of cash from your harvest is a tried-and-true option.

From selling marijuana to a local dispensary or to a fellow medical marijuana patient, growing weed is truly a green experience.

The Cost of Growing Marijuana Indoors

Growing marijuana indoors is typically more expensive than growing outdoors.

Growing cannabis indoors allows you to grow top-shelf buds in a controlled environment. However, the high-quality flowers of growing cannabis indoors come at a cost. From grow equipment to electricity bills, growing marijuana indoors may cost between $500 to $5,000 and up.

The overall cost of growing your own marijuana depends on the grow equipment purchased, the number of plants, and the required energy.

The Cost of Growing Marijuana Outdoors

Growing weed in the great outdoors has some serious perks, such as free electricity, soil, and beneficial microorganisms.

However, outdoor growers must contend with mother nature’s mood swings, such as environmental fluctuations, pests, and disease. Whether you’re on a budget or want to grow cannabis au natural — growing weed outdoors is much cheaper than growing marijuana indoors.

Overall, expect to pay $200 to $2,000+ on your outdoor cannabis garden.

Potential Yield From Growing Cannabis Indoors

Every cannabis grower’s indoor garden will vary in size. As you will learn, the size of the garden dictates the size of the plant.

There are two ways to measure the yield per plant. The first way is by calculating meters squared, such as nine cannabis plants within a square meter. In this case, 450-550-grams of marijuana is the average yield.

The second method is to yield per plant. However, yields vary depending on plant size. Overall, expect single plants to yield between 200-450-grams.

Potential Yield From Growing Weed Outdoors

Growing outdoors allows you to produce monster yields.

Typically, outdoor plants are enormous because they have an abundance of space to grow. Depending on the cannabis strain, outdoor growers can expect to yield between 450-1,000-grams per plant.

Marijuana plants are living things.

As such, they require basic elements to grow and produce a healthy crop of frosty flowers. The recipe for happy weed plants is basic, and it consists of water, nutrients, light, temperature, and air among other things.

Nutrients

All cannabis plants require nutrients.

Nutrients are chemical elements that cannabis plants need to perform necessary functions to complete their life cycle. From leaf color to flower growth, nutrients are a critical component that you must incorporate into your cannabis garden.

Water

Like all living things, cannabis plants require an abundance of water.

Regarding cannabis plants, water is the necessary element that transports nutrients and sugar throughout the plant. Furthermore, water assists with photosynthesis and maintains the plant’s overall structure.

Light

There are two primary reasons why cannabis plants need light.

The first is for the necessary function of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the act of converting light energy into chemical energy to power the cannabis plant’s activities.

Furthermore, cannabis plants are photoperiodic, which means weed plants react to the amount of light received. This physiological reaction enables marijuana plants to grow or flower continuously.

Temperature

Marijuana plants typically require a pleasant temperature range, such as 72-84°F. However, some cannabis strains may flourish in warmer or colder conditions.

The reason why cannabis plants need an ideal temperature range is to protect itself from the negative consequences of drought or frost.

Humidity

Cannabis plants require a humidity range of 40-45%.

The reason why marijuana plants need this humidity range is because they must evaporate excess water through the leaves (transpire). As the water vapor exits via the leaves, the cannabis plant can continue to draw nutrients from the soil or hydroponic system.

Medium

All cannabis plants require a medium to anchor the root system.

A medium can be anything that cannabis roots interact with, such as organic soil, water in a hydroponic system, rockwool cubes, or coco coir. Overall, the medium is responsible for supplying roots with air, nutrients, and water.

Air Circulation

Marijuana plants require air circulation for two primary functions.

First, constant airflow across the cannabis plant makes it stronger. Next, when you grow multiple cannabis plants close to each other, the overall humidity level rises. Air circulation reduces the concentration of humidity and decreases the chance of pests, diseases, fungal, and bacterial outbreaks.

Marijuana plants require carbon dioxide because it assists with photosynthesis. CO2 and water are the two elements needed to convert light energy into energy (sugar).

CO2 is naturally found everywhere; however, you may have less if you grow marijuana indoors without fresh air access.

One of the most essential aspects of growing weed is understanding the anatomy of cannabis plants.

Learning how to determine males from females and different portions of the cannabis plant is crucial to a successful harvest.

Cannabis Seeds

Cannabis seeds vary in size, from 2-7mm in length. Furthermore, cannabis seeds exhibit various markings depending on the strain.

As you look at a cannabis seed, you’ll notice a round end and a pointed end. All cannabis seeds contain a radicle and a set of cotyledons to begin its life.

Cannabis Seedlings

Once the cannabis seed germinates, the radicle digs into the medium, and the cotyledons grow toward the light. At this stage, you now have a cannabis seedling.

The cannabis seedling consists of two cotyledons that contain 1-2-weeks worth of nutrients. The cotyledons are not real leaves; however, after 3-5-days, true leaves will emerge from the stem.

Juvenile Cannabis Plants

2-3-weeks after germination occurs, the cannabis plant is classified as a juvenile.

The juvenile cannabis plant consists of 2-3 nodes, an elongated stem, and multiple fan leaves that contain 3-5 leaflets. Furthermore, the root zone continues to expand during this stage.

Male Cannabis Plants

First and foremost, male cannabis plants do not produce weed. Instead, male cannabis plants produce pollen, which is the enemy of all cannabis cultivators who want to grow THC-packed weed.

Typically, male cannabis plants produce stocky stems and squat growth. Overall, only cannabis breeders grow males in order to create seeds.

By the 4th week of growth (6-8-weeks after germination), the male cannabis plant will exhibit pre-flowers along the 4th to the 6th node. The pre-flowers grow from the axillary bud (staminate primordia) and produce small pre-pollen sacs.

Female Cannabis Plants

Female cannabis plants are responsible for producing weed. As a cannabis cultivator, the overall goal is to find and flower female cannabis plants.

By the 4th-week of growth (6-8-weeks after germination), the female cannabis plant exhibits pre-flowers along the 4th to the 6th node. The pre-flowers grow from the axillary bud (pistillate primordia) and produce a small round sac that emits 1-2 pistils.

As long as the female cannabis plant is kept away from males (and their pollen), it continues to produce pistils, calyxes, and bracts in search of pollen.

Male Cannabis Flowers

Once a male cannabis plant reaches sexual maturity and the flowering stage, it will emit an inflorescence of male flowers. Once again, male flowers do not produce weed.

The male inflorescence consists of numerous flowers along a branch. Each node contains 2-4 flowers, and as the flowers open, the male stamens are exposed. The male stamens contain pollen sacs that release millions of grains of pollen.

Female Cannabis Flowers

Once a female cannabis plant reaches sexual maturity and the flowering stage, it will begin to flower.

The female flower consists of an ovule, bract, and a pair of pistils. As the female cannabis plant flowers, hundreds of calyxes form along each node. The calyx is the protective layer that surrounds the bract and ovule.

If the pistil receives pollen, the pollen travels down the pollen tube and fertilizes the ovule. It is within the ovule that the cannabis seed forms.

However, if the female plant does not receive pollen, it will continue to flower and produce more pistils, bracts, and calyxes. After 7-10-weeks (or more), the female flower is ready for harvest.

Feminized Cannabis Seeds

If your goal is to grow weed easily, you must grow only female marijuana plants. Feminized seeds are made to produce only female cannabis plants through in-depth breeding methods.

Due to this unique feature, it’s recommended that beginners use feminized cannabis seeds. Not only will feminized seeds save you a lot of time, but they also prevent unruly cannabis males from ruining your garden.

Nearly all cannabis strains come in feminized form and flower within 7-12-weeks. Therefore, you can rest assured that you’ll find a wide variety of feminized indica, sativa, and hybrid seeds for your indoor cannabis garden.

Autoflowering Cannabis Seeds

Autoflowering cannabis seeds contain Ruderalis genetics, which is a type of species of cannabis that does not rely on the changing seasons, such as from summer to fall, to produce flowers.

Instead, autoflowering cannabis seeds rely on an internal clock that speeds up the entire growing process. As such, autoflowering strains do not grow tall and are ideally suited for those with limited space.

Additionally, autoflowering strains are typically feminized. Therefore, autoflowering seeds are by far the most beginner-oriented seeds available.

Autoflower cannabis seeds are the cruise control option for cannabis cultivators. Whether it’s your first time growing weed or you don’t have the time, autoflowering cannabis strains are the perfect solution for the indoor marijuana garden.

Autoflowering seeds can be indica, sativa, or hybrids and flower within 7-12-weeks after germination.

Regular Cannabis Seeds

Regular cannabis seeds produce male and female marijuana plants, which makes them difficult to grow. Therefore, regular cannabis seeds are not recommended for beginners.

Regular marijuana seeds are suited for professional cannabis cultivators or those with a lot of experience. Overall, regular cannabis seeds require more space, time, money, and effort to grow compared to feminized or autoflowering cannabis seeds.

Regular seeds can be indica, sativa, or hybrids and flower within 7-12-weeks depending on the strain.

Germination Stage

The first step in the cannabis life cycle begins with the germination stage.

Once you add water onto the feminized cannabis seed, several chemical reactions occur throughout 24-48-hours. During this critical phase, the root and shoot emerge from the seed.

Seedling Stage

Once you’ve successfully germinated your cannabis seed, the radicle forms the root system, and the shoot produces two cotyledons.

The seedling stage is an incredibly vulnerable time and lasts anywhere from 1-2-weeks.

Juvenile Stage

The juvenile stage is the phase where a cannabis plant finds its legs.

In other words, the juvenile stage encourages root expansion, stem elongation, node formation, and leaf growth. It’s during the juvenile stage that your cannabis plant will begin to look like a marijuana plant.

Overall, the juvenile stage lasts between 1-2-weeks.

Vegetative Stage

For feminized strains, the vegetative stage lasts for 2-12-weeks. Outdoors, feminized strains may vegetate between the months of April to July until flowering begins in August. Indoors, however, growers may allow the strains to veg for 1-4-weeks.

The vegetative stage requires increased nutrition and water as the plant becomes larger and larger. Overall, a cannabis plant in the vegetative stage will produce extensive roots, branches, nodes, and leaves.

Most importantly, the cannabis plant that is well into the vegetative phase is sexually mature, which means it exhibits pre-flowers to identify males and females. Even if you buy feminized marijuana seeds — you must always check to ensure the sex is female.

Lastly, the vegetative phase is characterized by an abundance of light, such as the 18/4 or 24/0 light schedule indoors or the long daylight summer hours in outdoor gardens.

Pre-Flowering Stage

The pre-flowering stage occurs once the light schedule is set to 12/12 indoors or when fall begins outdoors.

The decrease in light signals to the cannabis plant that it’s time to begin the flowering stage. However, the pre-flowering stage encourages last-minute growth and can double or triple a plant’s size within 2-weeks.

It’s during the pre-flowering stage that the sex of the cannabis plant is apparent. It’s at this stage that you must check your feminized strain is, in fact, female.

Flowering Stage

The flowering stage occurs 2-weeks after the pre-flowering stage.

During the flowering stage, the female flowers will swell in size due to the production of calyxes, bracts, and pistils, and THC-packed trichomes. In general, the flowering stage lasts between 7-10-weeks from the beginning of the pre-flowering stage.

Harvest

Once the flowers are ripe — it’s time to harvest. This is the final stage of the cannabis life cycle that results in the cannabis plant’s death.

If you’re learning how to grow marijuana, this is one of the last and most essential steps until you get to indulge in your own homegrown bud.

Germination Stage

Autoflower seeds germinate the same as feminized cannabis seeds.

Seedling Stage

Autoflowering seedlings are grown similarly to feminized seedlings.

Vegetative Stage

Autoflowering cannabis plants grow quickly and do not stay in the vegetative stage as long as feminized strains.

Autoflowering marijuana strains typically stay in the vegetative stage for 2-4-weeks. Once the strain reaches maturity, an internal clock will force the autoflowering strain to the next phase.

Flowering Stage

The flowering stage of autoflowering plants lasts between 6-8-weeks, depending on the strain. It’s at this stage that the autoflowering strain produces THC or CBD-packed flowers.

Harvest

Similar to feminized strains, harvest time begins once the cannabis flowers ripen. This is the final stage of the autoflowering strain’s life cycle.

Indica Flowering Stage

It’s important to note that feminized indica seeds flower in a shorter time-frame than sativa seeds.

The primary reason why indica strains have a shorter flowering window is their genetic origin in regions that experience short summers. Therefore, indicas flower quickly, such as 7-9-weeks, and are ideal for cultivators who need a quick harvest.

Sativa Flowering Stage

It’s important to note that feminized sativa seeds flower in a longer time-frame than indica seeds.

The longer flowering time for sativas is due to their genetic origin in tropical or subtropical zones that exhibit long summers. In other words, sativas take longer to flower, such as 9-12-weeks. However, the additional time typically leads to a large yield.

Cannabinoids, also known as phytocannabinoids, are naturally-occurring chemical substances found within trichomes of the cannabis plant.

There are over 100 identified cannabinoids; however, we’ll discuss the most notable examples below.

THC

Tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC, is the most common and abundant cannabinoid found in cannabis flowers.

THC is a psychoactive cannabinoid, producing a “high” or “stoned” effect. Ultimately, THC is sought after for its recreational and medicinal properties.

THCA

Tetrahydrocannabinol-acid, also known as THCA, is the inactive (precursor) form of THC and is abundant in fresh cannabis.

THCA is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that provides substantial relief against seizures, migraines, and inflammation. Once heated to 230F and above — THCA converts to THC in a process known as decarboxylation.

THCV

Tetrahydrocannabivarin, also known as THCV, is a relatively minor cannabinoid that does not produce psychoactive effects.

Instead, THCV is known to promote appetite loss, reduce anxiety, elevate mood, and reduce the effects of neurological diseases. THCV is typically found in THCV-rich hemp strains.

CBD

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is the second most important cannabinoid found in cannabis plants.

CBD is found in large concentrations in hemp strains. Although CBD can be found in THC-rich cannabis strains — the level of available cannabidiol is typically much lower than those found in hemp cultivars.

CBD is notable for its medicinal and non-psychoactive effects. CBD is known to relieve and deter a wide variety of mental and physical issues.

CBDA

Cannabidiolic Acid, also known as CBDA, is the precursor to CBD.

As such, CBDA is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that’s found in hemp and cannabis strains. Once temperatures reach 230F and above, CBDA decarboxylates into CBD.

Ultimately, CBDA is believed to be much more effective than CBD. The primary method to consume CBDA is via raw extracts, such as tinctures, capsules, juiced hemp flowers.

CBG

Cannabigerol, also known as CBG, is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that’s found in small concentrations in both hemp and cannabis plants.

Due to the scarcity of CBG — CBG-rich products are challenging to find and expensive. However, CBG is extremely effective at reducing inflammation, glaucoma, and neurological disorders. Furthermore, CBG offers antibacterial properties and even cancer-fighting effects.

CBN

Cannabinol, also known as CBN, is a cannabinoid that forms once THC breaks down.

Once THC ages, the THC molecules break down into the CBN molecule. Overall, CBN is mildly psychoactive while promoting relaxing effects that stimulate the sleep cycle.

Ultimately, CBN is present once THC-rich cannabis flowers have undergone intensive oxidation and degradation.

CBC

Cannabichromene, also known as CBC, is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid known for its pain-killing ability.

Although found in small quantities, CBC is a potent cannabinoid used for its anti-inflammatory effects. Furthermore, CBC promotes neurogenesis in patients prone to neurological disorders.

CBC-rich products are only found in extract form due to their scarcity in cannabis flowers.

What is the Entourage Effect?

The entourage effect is the term that describes the holistic function of multiple cannabinoids interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system.

The overall idea behind the entourage effect is that each cannabinoid acts synergistically with another to promote profound effects throughout the human body.

The only way to experience the entourage effect is by consuming cannabis products that are not stripped of cannabinoids during the production process.

*We’d like to thank CNBS.org for their invaluable content contribution to 10Buds.

Step 1: Choosing to Grow Cannabis Indoors or Outdoors

Growing cannabis indoors and outdoors both offer advantages and disadvantages.

There are a multitude of aspects to consider when choosing to grow cannabis indoors or outdoors. Let’s look at the pros and cons of growing weed in indoor and outdoor environments.

Indoors Outdoors
Costs Expensive start-up and maintenance costs + Extremely affordable
Skill More technical than growing weed outdoors (Requires more care and maintenance) + The easiest method to grow marijuana
Weather + Complete control of the environment
Requires ventilation and air filtration
No control over environmental conditions
Growing Season + Grow cannabis year-round Seasonal. One crop per season (unless using autoflowering strains)
Yield + Large Yield + Large Yield (Final yield heavily dependent on local climate)
Discretion + Discrete Not discrete
Light Requires electricity setup + Free sunlight
Threats + Lower prevalence of pests High prevalence of pests, fungi, bacteria, and disease

When growing cannabis indoors — you control everything.

Indoor cannabis gardens are an entirely different beast when compared to growing weed outdoors. From the technical know-how to start-up costs, growing weed indoors is a labor-intensive endeavor.

However, your efforts will not be in vain when growing marijuana indoors. If you’re after High Times quality buds, there’s no better option than growing weed indoors.

Let’s look at everything you need to know about growing marijuana indoors for the first time.

The Potential Cost and Yield of Growing Cannabis Indoors

The first questions that come to mind are how much does it cost to grow weed and how much weed can I yield indoors?

The answer to this question is — it depends.

Here’s a brief example of the potential cost of growing one marijuana plant vs. ten:

  • One cannabis plant grown indoors: $1,000
  • Ten cannabis plants grown indoors: $2,500

Now, let’s take the same examples and look at the potential yield of one cannabis plant vs. ten:

  • The yield of one marijuana plant grown indoors: 450-grams
  • The yield of ten marijuana plants grown indoors: 4,500-grams

In the above example, the price-per-gram of growing a single cannabis plant indoors is $2.22. On the other hand, the price-per-gram of growing ten cannabis plants indoors is $0.55.

The overall lesson is that the more weed you grow, the cheaper the cost per gram. Therefore, it’s always a bright idea to raise more than one feminized or autoflowering seed when growing weed indoors.

However, you can head over to the How to Grow Weed Indoors article to overview the total value for money and effort, where we cover topics on cost, yield, the golden ratio, and calculating the price-per-gram when growing weed indoors.

Equipment Needed For Growing Weed Indoors

The indoor cannabis garden will not function correctly without essential pieces of equipment, such as:

  • Grow lights
  • Grow Tent (or build your own grow room)
  • Grow Medium
  • Nutrients
  • Nutrient and pH Meters
  • Ventilation
  • Pest and disease control
  • Irrigation equipment

As you’ll learn, buying the best equipment for growing marijuana indoors is necessary to ensure a bountiful harvest of resin-coated buds.

If you want to learn about all of the required pieces of equipment for growing marijuana indoors, jump to our How to Grow Weed Indoors article and read the section on the equipment needed for growing weed indoors.

*If you already know which tools you need, head over to Step 2 to choose the best equipment for your indoor weed garden.

How to Plan an Indoor Cannabis Garden

Building a solid foundation is necessary for all aspects of life. Therefore, planning your indoor cannabis garden is no different.

Read our How to Grow Weed Indoors article and head over to the section titled How to Plan an Indoor Cannabis Garden to learn everything you need to know to get your marijuana garden up and running.

By following each step, you will adequately prepare your garden for each stage of the growing process.

The Pros and Cons of Growing Marijuana Indoors

Now that you understand everything there is to know about growing weed indoors, let’s sum everything up with the pros and cons of growing cannabis indoors.

Pros of Growing Weed Indoors

  • Top-shelf flowers
  • Increased yield potential
  • Complete control of the environment
  • Year-round growing
  • Discrete
  • Less prevalence of pests and disease

Cons of Growing Weed Indoors

  • Expensive start-up costs
  • Electricity bills
  • More technical than growing weed outdoors
  • Requires ventilation and air filtration
  • Requires more TLC than growing weed outdoors

There’s nothing quite like growing weed in the great outdoors.

Cannabis plants show their true potential outside, and it makes sense — the outdoors is their natural environment. Let’s take a look at everything you need to consider when choosing to grow marijuana outdoors.

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The Potential Cost & Yield of Growing Marijuana Outdoors

The first thought that comes to mind when choosing to grow marijuana outdoors is the potential cost and yield.

Growing marijuana outdoors is by far the most affordable method when compared to indoor cannabis cultivation. Furthermore, the yields of outdoor-grown weed typically eclipse that of cannabis grown indoors.

Let’s look at two different examples to understand the potential cost and yield of growing one plant versus ten plants outdoors.

  • One cannabis plant grown outdoors: $300
  • Ten cannabis plants grown outdoors: $2,000

Now, here’s the breakdown of potential yield from the same example:

  • The yield of one marijuana plant: 500-grams
  • The yield of ten marijuana plant: 5,000-grams

In the above example, the price-per-gram of a single outdoor-grown cannabis plant costs $0.60. The price-per-gram of ten outdoor marijuana plants is $0.40.

The underlying lesson here is that the more weed you grow — the cheaper the cost per gram. Therefore, you should always grow more than one feminized or autoflowering plant if you can.

Head over to our How to Grow Weed Outdoors article and read the section titled The total value for money and effort for a complete breakdown on cost, yield, and the price-per-gram when growing weed outdoors.

Equipment Needed For Growing Weed Outdoors

Cannabis plants require air, light, water, and a place to anchor their roots, and all of this can be readily found in your backyard.

Here’s a list of essential tools when growing weed outdoors:

  • Germination supplies
  • Grow medium
  • Irrigation supplies
  • Amendments
  • Pots
  • Pest and disease control
  • Greenhouse (not mandatory)
  • Accessories

If you’re unsure which tools you require, dig deeper and read our How to Grow Weed Outdoors article and dive into the section titled equipment needed to grow weed outdoors.

*If you already know what your outdoor garden needs, skip to Step 2 and choose the best equipment for your outdoor garden.

How To Plan an Outdoor Cannabis Garden

Now that you’re ready to get your cannabis garden off the ground — it’s time to make a comprehensive plan and turn your dream into a reality.

Allow our guide, How to Grow Weed Outdoors, to walk you through a step-by-step process of planning an outdoor marijuana garden. By following each step, your outdoor weed garden will be prepared for the growing season ahead.

The Pros and Cons of Growing Weed Outdoors

Now that we’ve covered everything you need to know about growing weed outdoors, here’s a TL;DR of the pros and cons of growing marijuana in the great outdoors.

Pros of growing weed outdoors:

  • Growing cannabis outdoors is easy
  • Affordable
  • Reduced carbon footprint
  • Less attention required compared to indoor gardens
  • Large plants produce massive yields
  • Less equipment needed than indoor gardens
  • Multiple harvests per growing season (autoflowering strains)
  • No artificial lighting required

Cons of growing weed outdoors:

  • Outdoor plants are dependent on the elements or seasons
  • Not practical if you live in a densely populated city
  • Thieves, pests, and diseases are more prevalent in outdoor gardens
  • One crop per year (unless you grow autoflowering seeds)
  • Decreased flower quality

Step 2: Buy Growing Equipment

Whether you choose to grow cannabis indoors or outdoors — you must acquire various tools to push your cannabis crop to the limit.

From high-powered lighting to trimming scissors and everything in between, here’s a list of must-have equipment to help your cannabis garden thrive.

Grow lights are the cornerstone of all indoor cannabis gardens.

Without light, cannabis plants wouldn’t be able to grow indoors. Therefore, grow lights are one of the essential pieces of cannabis growing equipment in your arsenal.

However, not all grow lights are created equal. Before you pull the trigger on the first grow light you come across, you must first educate yourself on the topic of grow lights.

What are Grow Lights?

Grow lights are specialized lights intended for horticultural or agricultural use.

When growing cannabis indoors, cultivators need to mimic the natural environment of the great outdoors. Although nothing is as powerful as the sun, grow lights are built to provide all the necessary elements a plant needs via light, such as:

  • Light spectrum
  • PAR
  • Lumens

Grow lights are primarily suited towards indoor cannabis gardens. However, they can also be used as supplemental lighting in greenhouse cannabis gardens. Overall, grow lights are an incredible tool to grow feminized and autoflowering cannabis seeds year-round.

The Different Types of Grow Lights

Unlike cannabis growers in the early 90s, we’re blessed with a multitude of cannabis grow lights that make a world of difference in terms of plant health and yield.

Furthermore, buying cannabis grow lights is as easy as a click of a button — literally. Let’s look at the different styles of cannabis grow lights to help you get your indoor cannabis grow on track.

1. HID Grow Lights

HID (high-intensity discharge) lighting is by far the most popular type of indoor lighting.

If you asked us a decade ago which grow light was the best, we would have said HIDs — hands down. However, the times are changing, and HIDs are no longer at the top of the heap. Although they produce massive amounts of light, they are not as efficient as other lighting types, hence the sky-high electricity bill.

HID lights do, however, provide new growers with an affordable option when building their first indoor grow room. Furthermore, HID lights come in a wide array of wattages, such as

  • 300w
  • 600w
  • 1,000w
What Type of HID Grow Light Systems are Available?

Depending on your garden and budget, there are two aspects that you must choose when using a HID grow light system:

  • MH (metal halide) vs HPS (high-pressure sodium) lamps
  • Magnetic vs. digital ballasts
The Pros and Cons of HID-style grow lights:
  • Produce intense light
  • Generate massive harvests
  • Increase trichome production
  • Easy to use
  • Affordable
  • Great for multiple cannabis plants
  • Large light footprint
  • Expensive electricity bill
  • Overheating danger
  • Heavy ballast
  • Generate high heat
  • Requires other tools to cool them down
Best Use Case For HID Grow Lights

Lastly, let’s look at the best use case for HID grow light systems.

  • Vegetative Stage
  • Flowering Stage

2. LED Grow Lights

Initially, LED grow lights were not taken seriously by the cannabis cultivation community. Now, however, the tables have turned. Unlike traditional HID grow lights, LEDs utilize light-emitting diodes.

LEDs are increasingly popular among beginners and professionals alike. From high light output to lower electricity bills and heat output, LEDs are an excellent option for your indoor cannabis garden.

Typically, you’ll find LED grow lights with a wide array of wattages, such as:

  • 100w
  • 250w
  • 300w
  • 600w
  • 1,000w
The Pros and Cons of Growing Cannabis Indoors with LED Grow Lights.
  • Efficient
  • Emits low heat
  • Long lifespan
  • Full-spectrum lighting
  • Low electricity bill
  • Very versatile
  • Large light footprint
  • Expensive upfront cost
  • Not as powerful as HID or plasma lighting
  • Risk of light bleaching
Best Use Case For LED Grow Lights

Now, let’s look at the use cases for LED grow lights.

  • Germination stage
  • Juvenile stage
  • Vegetative stage
  • Flowering stage

3. Plasma Grow Lights

Plasma grow lights are at the forefront of indoor lighting technology.

Plasma lights fuse the sheer power of HID bulbs while utilizing the efficiency of LEDs. In other words, plasma lighting offers the best of both worlds in a streamlined grow light package.

The Pros and Cons of Plasma Grow Lights:
  • High efficiency
  • Massive light output
  • Decreased heat emission
  • Full-spectrum lighting
  • Lower electricity bill than HIDs
  • Large light footprint
  • Expensive upfront cost
  • Too powerful for small grow rooms
Best Use Case For Plasma Grow Lights

Let’s look at the best stages to use plasma lighting in the indoor garden.

  • Juvenile stage
  • Vegetative stage
  • Flowering stage

4. Fluorescent Grow Lights

Another suitable option for indoor cannabis growers is fluorescent lighting.

Fluorescent bulbs offer new cannabis growers a happy medium of low wattage and decent light output. Although fluorescent lighting isn’t nearly as powerful as a plasma or HID, it allows growers to move the lights closer to the cannabis canopy.

Two common types of fluorescent lighting are popular among marijuana cultivators:

  • T-5 grow lights
  • CFL grow lights
T-5 Grow Lights

T-5 grow lights are elongated and are typically between 12-60 inches in length. The number of T-5 bulbs depends on the manufacturer. However, you will find T-5 systems that contain 2-8 bulbs per unit.

The Pros and Cons of T-5 Grow Lights:
  • Powerful light output
  • Efficient
  • Easy to find
  • Bulbs are cheap to replace
  • Easy to use
  • Can be placed near the canopy
  • Low electricity bill
  • May not fit in small grow rooms
  • Multiple units needed to cover a large area
  • Relatively expensive
  • Not as powerful as traditional HID or Plasma
Best Use Case For T-5 Grow Lights
  • Seed germination stage
  • Juvenile stage
  • Vegetative stage
CFL Grow Lights

CFLs, on the other hand, are compact fluorescent lights. CFLs are the small bulbs that must be replaced when they burn out, such as your living room lamp or nightstand lamp. As it so happens, these same bulbs can be used to grow cannabis indoors.

The Pros and Cons of CFL Grow Lights:
  • Does not require a ballast
  • Easy to use
  • Very affordable
  • Can be placed near the canopy
  • Produces negligible heat
  • Low electricity bill
  • Weak light output
  • Ineffective for multiple plants
Best Use Case For CFL Grow Lights
  • Germination stage
  • Juvenile stage

Which Grow Light Should I Use?

This is a tricky question that many new cannabis growers get hung up on.

Should you choose the 1,000-watt electricity guzzling HID or the eco-friendly 600-watt LED for your new grow tent? How about a high-output T-5 over the 300-watt HPS for your single plant closet grow?

Before you make a decision, here are the criteria you must consider to find your best option.

  • The size of the grow room
  • The total number of feminized or autoflowering plants
  • The ability to cool the grow room down

Let’s quickly sum up each consideration:

The Size of the Grow Room:

First, the size of the grow room dictates the type of grow light. If you’re growing in a small closet, it’s best to choose an energy-efficient light that doesn’t produce much heat, such as LEDs or CFLs. Alternatively, a larger room may benefit from more light, which is accomplished with the help of a HID, plasma, or high-watt LED.

The Total Number of Feminized or Autoflowering Plants:

Next, knowing how many feminized or autoflowering plants will go in the garden helps you determine how much light your grow room requires. You may buy a grow light that produces too much or too little light without understanding this concept.

A single autoflowering cannabis plant does not need a 1,000-watt HID. Instead, a low-watt LED or T-5 system will suffice. As you can see, the more plants, the more light required to satisfy your cannabis crop.

The Ability to Cool the Grow Room Down:

Lastly, can you quickly reduce the temperature in your grow room or grow tent? If you’re only willing to answer one of the three considerations we’ve previously mentioned in this grow guide — make sure it’s this.

For example, a cannabis garden located in the attic can benefit from various grow lights — depending on the ventilation scenario. If you can vent hot air out of the grow room, you can harness any grow light of your choice. If you can’t vent excess heat from the grow room, you must choose a grow light that emits low heat, such as a CFL, LED, or T-5.

How Do I Hang Grow Lights?

One of the most common questions we receive from beginners is how to hang grow lights. Although we’ll dive deeper into this subject with a step-by-step guide, let’s cover the basics of hanging grow lights.

If growing weed in a grow tent, you can easily hang grow lights with chains or rope-ratchets. If you build your own grow room, you may need to drill anchor points in the ceiling to hang your grow lights.

There are two primary types of hangers for grow lights:

  • Adjustable hangers
  • Jack chain

Without going into too much detail, adjustable hangers allow you to quickly raise or lower your grow lights as your feminized or autoflowering plants grow. Alternatively, jack chains are more difficult to adjust.

Grow Lights and Fire Safety

One of our chief considerations when creating this grow guide for beginners is our readers’ safety. Although safety is often overlooked, we believe it’s a primary consideration that every new cannabis grower needs to understand before learning how to grow weed.

Whether you’re new to growing weed or have a few grows under your belt, let’s put on our serious face for a moment and consider grow lights and fire safety.

Remember, grow lights require power, which means electricity. Faulty or improperly setup grow light systems are the primary cause of indoor grow room fires. As such, you must ensure that the grow light you choose is certified for safety.

Here’s a list of safety certifications to look out for:

  • UL listed
  • CE marketing
  • ETL certification
  • FCC certification

There are other considerations to mitigate the possibility of a fire, such as circuit breakers, which we’ll expand upon later in our cannabis grow guide series.

With so much power under the hood of modern-day grow lights, it’s better to be safe than sorry when choosing the best grow light for your indoor garden.

The grow tent is one of the essential pieces of equipment for your indoor cannabis garden.

Thousands of cannabis cultivators worldwide rely on grow tents to provide a dedicated space for marijuana plants. Furthermore, grow tents are meant to work with other equipment pieces, such as grow lights, ventilation, and much more.

If this is your first time growing weed, it’s time to read this grow guide to discover grow tents.

What are Grow Tents?

Grow tents are enclosed gardens that allow cultivators to create a perfect environment for cannabis plants — indoors.

Modern-day grow tents are made from durable canvas, such as heavyweight Cordura. The foundation of the grow tent consists of PVC poles, which create the skeleton. Once the PVC poles are erected, the canvas is stretched across to form the overall structure.

At their very core, grow tents provide growers of all skill levels with a grow room that only takes a few minutes to build. Ultimately, grow tents make it easier to grow weed at home.

Now that you understand what a grow tent is let’s look at the different available types and how to choose the best grow tent.

The Pros and Cons of Grow Tents

If you jumped into this section to quickly find out if grow tents are right for you, here’s a list of the pros and cons of grow tents:

  • Affordable
  • Easy to build
  • An excellent choice for beginners
  • Easier to control pests and diseases
  • Energy efficient
  • Limited grow space
  • Reduced accessibility
  • Difficult to customize

What are the Different Sizes of Grow Tents?

Grow tents come in all shapes and sizes, which allows you to pick the best tent for your needs. Whether you want to grow cannabis in a closet or your bedroom — you’ll find a grow tent with the perfect fit.

Here’s a list of the most common grow tent sizes:

  • 2x2x6’11”
  • 2x4x6’11”
  • 4x4x6’11”
  • 4x8x6’11”
  • 8x8x6’11”

As mentioned, this is not an exhaustive list of available grow tent sizes, but instead, the most common and popular. The primary reason why each of these sizes is popular among indoor cannabis growers is that they offer the perfect size for non-professional cultivators.

Most beginners that are learning how to grow marijuana indoors do not need a 10x10x6’11” grow tent. Instead, most new cannabis gardeners find a happy medium between the 4×8′ and the 2×2′.

Although we’ll outline the specific criteria to look for when choosing a grow tent, here’s a pro tip — always pick a grow tent you can grow with. In other words, choose a grow tent that’s big enough to let you expand your garden as you find your inner green-thumb.

What is the Cost of a Grow Tent?

Grow tents range from $100 to $2,500.

Of course, the cost depends on a range of factors, such as

  • Size
  • Features
  • Materials

As always, you must choose a grow tent according to your budget. However, you must seek a grow tent that offers the best bang for your buck. We’ll discuss more about choosing a grow tent below in this guide.

Benefits of Growing Weed in a Grow Tent

Now, let’s look at the benefits of growing weed in a grow tent.

Easy to Set Up

One of the best aspects of growing weed in a grow tent is their ease of use.

We would never recommend something for beginners if it weren’t easy to use. Grow tents are so easy to set up that nearly anyone can do it.

Overall, grow tents consist of a canvas covering and a PVC structure. The steps to assemble a grow tent are minimal and can be completed with your eyes closed. Ok, maybe not with your eyes closed, but you get the point.

Quickly Reduce Heat

Another reason why you want to grow weed in a grow tent is because of its enclosed space.

Thanks to the sealed environment, you can utilize inline fans to remove excess heat generated from the grow lights. Removing excess heat provides a comfortable ambient temperature for your grow room, which means happy plants.

Affordable

Grow tents are surprisingly affordable.

We understand that affordable is a relative term, but the vast majority of grow tents cost below $500. When compared to building your own grow space, an instant grow room is well worth the money.

Convenient

When you’re new to growing weed, the last thing you need is complications.

Building your own grow space requires quite a bit of carpentry skills, so it’s always more convenient to use a grow tent. Grow tents are easy to set up, and they allow you to get your garden up and running within a moment’s notice.

Discrete

Grow lights pump out an impressive amount of light — especially HIDs and plasma systems. Unless you want to signal to everyone in town that you’re growing weed, grow tents keep the light contained.

Additionally, grow tents are surprisingly discrete in their appearance. A small grow tent may not warrant the attention of guests at your home.

Protection

Grow tents offer protection for your indoor cannabis crop in multiple ways.

First, grow tents are light proof, ensuring light from outside the tent does not leak inside. Remember, cannabis plants are sensitive to light cycles, and it’s dangerous to subject flowering cannabis plants to light during dark periods.

Next, grow tents protect cannabis plants from a myriad of harmful aspects inside the home. For example, indoor cannabis crops can be destroyed by an overly excited dog. Furthermore, dust, pollen, and even fungal spores are kept at bay by the grow tent’s sturdy material.

Optimized Environment

The most significant benefit of grow tents is their ability to produce an optimized environment.

Grow tents are built with cannabis growers in mind; therefore, it’s ready to contain inline fans, grow lights, filters, and much more.

As you piece together the equipment to outfit your grow tent, you’ll soon be ready for lift off. You’ll be amazed by the quality and quantity of weed that’s achievable with a fine-tuned grow tent.

How to Choose the Best Grow Tent

Now, let’s briefly look at what you need to look for when choosing a grow tent.

Remember, you don’t need the latest and greatest grow tent to grow excellent weed. Instead, you need a proven design that’s ready to handle your new-found cannabis endeavor.

First and foremost is the size of the grow tent.

When deciding on the size, you need to ask yourself — where will this grow tent be in the first place?

Once decided, measure the area and find a grow tent that exhibits slightly fewer dimensions to ensure the right fit.

Number of Cannabis Plants

Next, how many cannabis plants do you intend to grow?

Remember, the number and size of cannabis plants will rely on the size of the grow tent. Therefore, you must consider the size and number of plants in conjunction with the grow tent’s overall size.

Lightproof

There are thousands of grow tent brands, but not all are created equal.

Therefore, you must find a grow tent that is light proof. Grow tents must keep grow light contained in the grow room and outside light out.

Remember, a lightproof grow tent provides discretion and prevents hermaphrodites.

Durable

Always ask yourself — should I buy once or twice?

By choosing a durable grow tent, you will likely grow cannabis in it for years on end. However, if you buy a cheap grow tent, you may need to buy another soon after as it begins to fall apart after one or two grow cycles.

Inner Mylar

When you learn how to grow marijuana indoors, you should always be concerned about the amount of light your plants receive.

If you cannot provide any more light to your cannabis crop via increased wattage, worry not — there’s another grower’s tip to help you out.

Mylar is a highly reflective material that’ll increase the brightness in the grow room. Make sure you choose a grow tent with durable mylar walls to increase the light in the garden.

Features

Furthermore, you should always look for a grow tent that provides several features.

Here’s a list of features that no budding-cannabis grower should forego:

  • Multiple cinching ducting ports
  • Multiple doors/entrances
  • Viewing window
  • Multiple cinching electrical ports
  • Thick canvas density
  • Spill tray
  • Adjustable roof
  • Ultra-strong support poles

Remember, the grow tent is a stand-alone cannabis garden. Everything will be inside, from grow lights to fans, and the grow tent should be equipped to handle everything.

Versatile

It’s essential to choose a cannabis grow tent that’s versatile.

The reason we emphasize versatility is that grow tents will provide several roles during its tenure. Here’s a list of possibilities that you grow tent can provide:

  • Act as a germination room for your feminized or autoflowering cannabis seeds
  • Act as a breeding room
  • Act as a vegetation room
  • Act as a flowering room
  • Act as a drying and curing room

As you can see, the possibilities are endless with a high-quality grow tent.

Ease of Use

Last but not least is to consider the ease of use of a grow tent.

The mantra, keep it simple, stupid (KISS), rings loud and clear when choosing a grow tent for your upcoming indoor cannabis garden.

Always choose a grow tent that offers easy access, along with an adequate number of ports. As long as all of your growing equipment fits comfortably inside, you’ll have a stress-free growing experience.

Let’s talk about grow media.

Whether you grow indoors, outdoors, or in outer space, all plants must be grown in grow media. As you glide through this guide, you’ll find everything you need to know about the different media types and which are the best for budding cannabis cultivators such as yourself.

What is Grow Medium?

When you hear cannabis cultivators talk about grow mediums, they are merely speaking about the material they grow their cannabis plants in.

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If I told you that I grew my cannabis plants in organic soil, organic soil is the grow medium. If I instead tell you that I’m using rockwool cubes, then rockwool cubes are the grow media.

The term grow media is lingo from traditional horticulture and agriculture. It has, however, caught on among weed growers. As you’ll soon find out in this guide, there are three primary categories of grow mediums, which are further broken into smaller sub-groups.

What is The Function of Grow Media?

Grow media presents a platform where cannabis roots:

  • Derive nutrients, air, and water
  • Provide an anchor point to support the plant
  • Allow for root expansion

As you can see, grow media is essential for your indoor or outdoor cannabis plant to thrive. If your cannabis crop has no means of retrieving nutrients, air, or water — it will rapidly die. The same will happen if the roots have nowhere to go or if the plant cannot hold itself upright.

Therefore, learning about grow media is one of the first steps to growing cannabis at home.

What Are the Different Types of Grow Mediums?

Next, let’s look at the different types of grow mediums.

To make this easy to digest, we’re breaking this section into three parts — hydroponic, soil, and hybrid-based media. We’ll briefly describe the sub-groups found in each type. As you learn about each, you’ll soon realize which may best suit your needs and growing style.

Hydroponics

There’s a misconception among beginners that hydroponics means growing cannabis in water. Although there is truth to this, hydroponics simply describes growing plants in something other than soil. With this in mind, hydroponic grow mediums are also known as soilless mediums.

The glaring differences between hydroponic and soil are that soilless mediums are chemically inert and require bottled nutrients to feed the plants.

Here’s a list of hydroponic-based mediums that are popular among cannabis cultivators:

Water

Water is a primary medium that’s used for hydroponic cultivation. Whether the water is inside a bucket or a tray, water provides roots with air, nutrients, and, of course — water.

Rockwool

Rockwool is made from mineral wool and is one of the most interesting soilless growing mediums around. Rockwool efficiently retains moisture and allows cultivators to grow large plants in small rockwool blocks.

Clay Pellets

Clay pellets, also known as expanded clay, is another excellent hydroponic-based medium. Not only are clay pellets reusable, but they retain moisture and provide exceptional aeration to the root zone.

Perlite

Perlite is a volcanic glass that’s been expanded through intense heat. Perlite is incredibly porous; however, it does not have any water retention capabilities.

Coco Coir

Coco coir, also known as coco, is the inner fiber found in coconuts. Coco coir efficiently retains moisture, provides aeration, and is reusable.

Now, when you hear cannabis cultivators talk about soil, they are talking about a combination of minerals, organic matter, beneficial organisms, water, air, and the remains of decaying organisms.

Suddenly, dirt doesn’t sound so dull, does it?

Aside from this massive ingredient list, soil is chemically reactive. However, we will not discuss the chemically reactive nature of soil in this guide.

To sum soil up, here are three different types of soil that you can use to grow marijuana at home:

  • Store-bought soil
  • Soil from your backyard
  • Soil amendments, such as worm castings and bat guano.

As a final point, soil provides the food necessary for cannabis plants to thrive. In other words, say goodbye to expensive bottled nutrients.

Hybrid

Last but not least is hybrid-based mediums. Hybrid mediums are exciting because they bridge the gap between hydroponics and soil. In other words, hybrid-based media provides increased aeration, high water retention, and greater control when feeding marijuana plants.

Common hybrid combinations are:

  • Soil and perlite
  • Soil, sphagnum peat moss, and perlite
  • Soil, coco coir, and perlite

We could go on and on because the combinations are endless. However, the examples mentioned above are commonly used for cannabis cultivation among professionals and beginners alike.

Lastly, hybrid-based grow mediums are popular among cannabis cultivators because you can create your own blend. By buying bags of soil and soilless grow media, you can experiment with a variety of ratios to build the perfect grow medium for your indoor or outdoor marijuana garden.

The Cost of Grow Media

Now that you have an idea of the different types of grow media let’s look at the general cost of each.

The number of cannabis plants and the size of the containers ultimately dictates the amount of media required. Here are a few examples to give you an idea of the cost of grow media when cultivating a single feminized cannabis plant.

  • 5 cubic foot bag of organic soil: $35
  • One 6” rockwool cube: $5
  • 5 cubic foot bag of hybrid grow media: $30

As you can see, it’s more expensive to grow a single cannabis plant in soil or a hybrid-based medium. However, the cost of growing in soil and hybrid-based mediums decreases as you grow more feminized and autoflowering seeds.

Which Grow Media is Suitable for New Cannabis Growers?

If you’re new to growing weed — you want the most straightforward media to pull off your first harvest.

The most suitable medium for growers in our Beginner’s 101 class is none other than soil.

Some of you may ask, “why soil? Shouldn’t I grow in rockwool like all the pros on YouTube?”

Unlike hydroponics, soil offers natural buffers within the media that absorb the multitude of mistakes that beginners encounter during their pot-growing debut. Furthermore, soil does not require expensive pH and EC meters.

However, this is not to say that you shouldn’t dip your toes in soilless-based mediums for your first grow. Soilless growing media, such as coco-coir and rockwool, is suitable for beginners, but they require an additional learning curve and expensive tools to monitor pH and nutrient levels.

The Pros and Cons of Hydroponic, Soil, and Hybrid-Based Grow Media

Whether you stuck with us through this guide or skipped to the TL;DR section — here’s the summed up pros and cons of each type of media.

Pros Cons
Hydro – Promotes ultra-fast growth
– Provides the largest yield
– Customizable nutrient regimen
– You are in total control
– Easy to flush
– Easy to transport (light)
– Reusable (some)
– Requires expensive tools
– Requires technical know-how
Small mistakes lead to significant consequences
– Not all hydroponic-based media is reusable
– Requires continuous moisture
Soil – Absorbs beginner’s mistakes
– Natural & organic
– Produces large yields
– Doesn’t require expensive tools
– Doesn’t require in-depth know-how
– Reusable
– Efficiently retains moisture
– Difficult to flush if you provide too much nutrient
– Difficult to transport (heavy)
– Difficult to customize
Hybrid – Generates significant yields
– Promotes vigorous plants
– Customizable
– Easy to flush
– Retains moisture
– Requires expensive monitoring tools
– Requires technical know-how
– Doesn’t absorb beginner’s mistakes

By now, you almost have everything you need to grow weed at home.

The next ingredient you need for a successful marijuana garden is nutrients. However, what are nutrients, and why are they so crucial for cannabis cultivation? From your plant’s overall health to bud production, nutrients are about to become your new best friend.

In this guide, we’ll discuss everything you need to know about growing cannabis with nutrients.

What are Nutrients?

In a nutshell, nutrients for growing weed are pre-made products that contain the essential micro and macro-nutrients that a cannabis plant needs to thrive.

Each nutrient has a role to play, such as:

  • Build thick stems
  • Maintain green leaves
  • Increase resin production
  • Stack the flower’s weight
  • And much more

As you can see, nutrients are a vital piece of the puzzle as you learn how to grow weed.

Remember, the term nutrients are broad. Since you want to use nutrients to grow cannabis — you must make sure you buy the correct product.

Let’s continue to the next section of this guide to teach you about the nitty-gritty aspects of nutrients for growing weed.

What Are The Different Types of Nutrients Used For Growing Weed?

Now, let’s look at the different types of nutrients for growing cannabis.

1. Nutrients For Hydroponic-Based Media

When it comes to growing weed in hydroponics or soilless-based media, you’ll need to use bottled nutrients. Bottled nutrients are concentrated nutrients that contain all of the necessary nutrients at precise ratios.

Bottled nutrients must be mixed with water and monitored with a pH meter and an EC, TDS, or PPM meter before feeding it to your cannabis plants.

2. Nutrients For Soil-Based Media

Next up are nutrients for soil-based media.

Although organic soil already has an abundance of nutrient content, you may want to amend the soil with additional additives for an added boost. In this case, you can use:

  • Bottled nutrients (soil-specific brands)
  • Soil amendments (bat guano, worm castings, bone meal, blood meal, and so forth).

3. Nutrients For Hybrid-Based Media

If you are growing weed in a hybrid-based medium, you can use both soil or soilless-specific nutrients. However, it’s best to choose a nutrient that fits your medium’s dominant profile.

In other words, if you have a hybrid medium that contains 75% coco coir and 25% soil, it’s best to use hydro-specific bottled nutrients.

Therefore, the options are:

  • Bottled nutrients (soil or soilless-specific brands)
  • Soil amendments (bat guano, worm castings, bone meal, kelp meal, etc.)

Cannabis-Specific Nutrients and Ratios

When it comes to nutrients and plants — the proof is in the ratio.

In other words, all plants have a preferred ratio of various nutrients. Whereas cannabis plants prefer an abundance of phosphorus during the flowering stage, different species of plants might not.

Now, you may ask, “what happens if I don’t give my cannabis plants the right nutrients?”

That’s a great question, so here’s a list of potential problems that may occur if you provide the wrong nutrients.

  • Reduced yield
  • Stunted growth
  • Burned leaves
  • Yellow leaves
  • Purple stems
  • Reduced pest and disease resistance

The list goes on and on. Therefore, you must provide the right nutrients with proper ratios. It’s because of these potential issues that we recommended that you use cannabis-specific nutrients when growing weed.

Now, you must be wondering — which nutrients do cannabis plants like and at what ratio?

Let’s take a look.

Macro-Nutrients For Growing Weed

Here’s a list of the essential macronutrients that all cannabis plants need. Although macro-nutrients are commonly regarded as N-P-K, there are a few others that you must recognize.

  • Nitrogen (N)
  • Phosphorus (P)
  • Potassium (K)
  • Calcium (Ca)
  • Sulfur (S)
  • Magnesium (Mg)

Micro-Nutrients For Growing Weed

Next, here’s the list of essential micro-nutrients — also known as trace minerals. However, don’t be fooled by the term micro. Each of these nutrients is just as essential as macronutrients and are necessary for your cannabis plant’s overall health.

  • Iron (Fe)
  • Boron (B)
  • Chlorine (Cl)
  • Manganese (Mn)
  • Zinc (Zn)
  • Copper (Cu)
  • Molybdenum (Mo)
  • Nickel (Ni)

Nutrient Ratios For Growing Weed

As we mentioned previously, cannabis plants prefer nutrients in specific ratios. Don’t worry — this isn’t your introduction to chemistry class, and you’re not being graded. Instead, you can use the information in this guide to buy the best cannabis nutrients and push your cannabis crop to the limit.

The Best Grow Nutrient Ratio For Cannabis Plants in the Vegetative Stage

The vegetative phase is primarily responsible for plant growth, which means leaf production, stem elongation, and root growth. It’s no wonder why nutrient products meant for leafy growth are known as grow nutrients.

Cannabis responds the best to a nitrogen-dominant ratio during the vegetative phase. Remember, nitrogen is the primary component of green growth.

Here are two examples of acceptable grow nutrient ratios for the vegetative stage for cannabis plants.

  • A bottled grow nutrient that offers an N-P-K of 7-5-5
  • A soil amendment that provides an N-P-K of 1-0.2-2

The Best Bloom Nutrient Ratio For Flowering Cannabis Plants

Next, let’s learn about bloom nutrients.

Bloom nutrients are another way to describe nutrient products that should be used during the flowering stage. Research shows that more phosphorus and potassium during the flowering stage equals larger buds.

Here are two examples of acceptable bloom nutrient ratios for cannabis plants in the flowering stage.

  • A bottled bloom nutrient that offers an N-P-K ratio of 1-5-4
  • A soil amendment that provides an N-P-K of 4-6-4

Which Nutrient is Best For Beginners?

The answer to this question depends on your grow medium.

For hydroponics – we recommend bottled cannabis nutrient kits that include grow, bloom, and micronutrient bottles.

By choosing a cannabis nutrient brand that offers separate grow and bloom mixes, you can be reassured that your plants will receive the necessary nutrient ratios during each stage of growth.

If you choose to grow cannabis plants in soil – it’s best to utilize soil amendments. The reason why soil amendments are better than bottled nutrients for soil-based media is that they do not require a pH or PPM meter.

The Learning Curve of Bottled Nutrients and Cannabis

Before you start pouring liquid nutrients onto your cannabis plants, you must first understand the bottled nutrients’ learning curve.

Unlike soil amendments, bottled nutrients are immediately absorbed by plant roots and drastically change the medium’s pH. Although rapid absorption is ideal when correcting a nutrient deficiency, too much nutrient can instantly burn your plants.

Let’s look at the various factors you must understand before you begin using bottle cannabis nutrients.

  • Mixing Nutrients with Water
  • Measuring the pH of the Nutrient Solution
  • Measuring the EC/PPM/TDS of the Nutrient Solution

The Cost of Cannabis-Specific Nutrients

As you browse nutrient brands online, you’ll find a wide variety of prices.

Here are a few examples of what you can expect when buying cannabis-specific nutrients to grow weed.

  • A bottled nutrient kit that includes both grow, bloom, and micro: $40 for three 1-quart bottles
  • All-purpose soil amendment: $20 for five pounds

Overall, bottled nutrients are more cost-effective because they are concentrated. Therefore, a single bottled cannabis nutrient kit may last multiple harvests — depending on the number of feminized or autoflowering seeds that you grow.

The Pros and Cons of Cannabis Nutrients

Finally, let’s take a look at the pros and cons of bottled and dry (soil amendments) nutrients.

The Pros and Cons of Bottled Cannabis Nutrients

  • Control and customize the nutrient profile
  • Nutrients are immediately available to the root zone
  • Bottled nutrients can last a long time
  • Possible to find organic bottled nutrients
  • Require expensive pH and EC/TDS/PPM tools
  • Increased learning curve
  • Not beginner-friendly
  • Easy to overfeed and “burn” plants
  • Unless organic, bottled nutrients are not eco-friendly

The Pros and Cons of Soil Amendments

  • Eco-friendly and organic
  • Does not require pH or EC/TDS/PPM meters
  • Beginner-friendly
  • Provides a natural buffer for beginner’s mistakes
  • Can be recycled for subsequent grow
  • Interact with beneficial bacteria and fungi
  • Takes longer to fix deficiencies
  • Not easy to customize and control
  • More expensive than bottled nutrients
  • Attracts pests
  • Unless dialed in, soil amendments produce a lower yield

*If you decide to grow cannabis in hydro or soilless-based media — this section is a must-read.

Nutrient and pH meters are the backbone of growing weed in hydro. Growing cannabis without a nutrient or pH meter is akin to driving while blind. As you can imagine, you won’t get far if you skimp out on a nutrient or pH meter.

Whether this is your first time growing weed or not, pH and nutrient meters demand your complete attention. Once you breeze through this guide, you’ll have a much better understanding of the necessity of owning a nutrient and pH meter when growing marijuana in hydroponics.

What is a Nutrient Meter?

The most basic definition of a nutrient meter is a tool that monitors the nutrient content in a given solution.

You must be asking — but what does a nutrient meter do, and why do I need one?

Well, let’s first glance back at what bottled cannabis nutrients are. Bottled cannabis nutrients are composed of mineral salts and are considered inorganic compounds. As the salt dissolves in water, you’re left with a solution.

Now, nutrient meters monitor the salt content (nutrient content) within the solution. As the nutrient meter relays this information to you, you get to decide if it’s too much or too little for your cannabis plants.

By using a nutrient meter, you’ll always know the amount of nutrients going into your plants. Without one, however, each feeding is pure guesswork. If you provide bottled nutrients to your plants without a nutrient meter, you will do more harm than good.

Therefore, a nutrient meter allows you to:

  • Provide accurate doses of nutrient
  • Customize nutrient profiles
  • Troubleshoot nutrient deficiencies and toxicities

What Are The Different Types of Nutrient Meters?

There are two types of nutrient meters that cannabis cultivators, such as yourself, rely on.

Let’s look at each type so you can familiarize yourself before you buy one.

EC Meter

EC meters, also known as electrical conductivity meters, are handheld tools that measure the electrical conductivity in a solution.

  • Measure in mS/cm or millisiemens per centimeter
  • Measure the amount of inorganic dissolved content
  • Measure electrical conductivity between salt and water
  • Are the popular choice in Europe; however, they are increasingly popular in the United States and Canada

TDS Meter

TDS meters, also known as total dissolved salt meters, are similar to EC meters. However, the primary difference between EC and TDS meters is:

  • TDS meters measure both inorganic and organic dissolved content
  • TDS meters measure in PPM (parts-per-million)
  • The popular choice in the United States

Which Nutrient Meter is Best For Beginners?

Both TDS and EC meters present a similar learning curve, such as the initial calibration process.

Therefore, the better question is — which nutrient meter is more accurate? Although both are accurate, EC meters are typically viewed as the most reliable.

The primary reason why EC meters are recommended over TDS is simply that EC only measures dissolved inorganic content. When you mix a nutrient solution, you want to calculate how much nutrient is in the water. Although TDS meters will provide a similar result, their readings may be influenced by other factors within the water that is not salt-based.

How Much Do Nutrient Meters Cost?

The price tag of a nutrient meter depends on its features and accuracy.

Here’s a list of examples to help you gain a better idea of how much a nutrient meter costs:

  • EC/TDS electronic inline meter: upwards of $600
  • Handheld TDS meter: $35
  • Handheld EC meter: $40

As you can see, handheld monitors are very affordable. However, the all-in-one electronic inline meter offers stunning features, such as rapid calibration, Bluetooth functionality, and pinpoint accuracy.

Since you’re new to cannabis cultivation, we recommend purchasing a basic handheld meter.

EC/TDS electronic inline meter

The Pros and Cons of TDS and EC Meters

Lastly, let’s touch upon the pros and cons of TDS and EC meters.

The Pros and Cons of TDS Meters

  • Provides accurate readings to feed cannabis plants
  • Affordable (depending on type)
  • Allows you to troubleshoot your cannabis plants
  • Simple to use after calibration
  • Not as accurate as EC meters
  • Expensive (depending on type)
  • Requires initial calibration
  • Requires routine maintenance

The Pros and Cons of EC Meters

  • The most accurate type of nutrient meter
  • Affordable (depending on type)
  • Provides accurate readings to feed cannabis plants
  • Allows you to troubleshoot your cannabis plants
  • Simple to use after calibration
  • Expensive (depending on type)
  • Requires initial calibration
  • Requires routine maintenance

What is a pH Meter?

Next up is pH Meters.

If you decide to grow in soilless or hydroponics — you must have a pH meter. You cannot, I repeat, you cannot cultivate cannabis in hydro without a pH meter — it’s that important.

As for the definition, a pH meter is a tool that measures the power of hydrogen (pH) from 0-14 to determine the alkalinity or acidity of a water-based solution.

If the hydrogen-ion activity is high, the water-based solution is deemed alkaline. If the hydrogen-ion activity is low, the water-based solution is acidic. If the hydrogen-ion activity is in the middle, the solution is neutral.

Here are the ranges of pH that you must become familiar with:

  • Alkaline: 8-14 pH
  • Neutral: 7 pH
  • Acidic: 1-6 pH

Why is pH Important?

Now, the golden question — why is pH important?

The answer is because all plants, especially cannabis, require nutrients to be in specific pH zones to become available to the roots.

Here are the preferred pH ranges of soil and hydro-based mediums that cannabis requires:

  • Soil: 6.2-6.7 pH
  • Hydro: 5.2-5.7 pH

If you do not feed your cannabis plants the proper pH zone, the following issues will occur:

  • Nutrient lockout (can’t absorb nutrients)
  • Stunts root growth
  • Produces nutrient toxicity

As you can see — your cannabis plant’s health depends on a proper pH’d nutrient solution.

What Are The Different Types of pH Meters?

When it comes to pH meters, there are three primary types. Let’s take a brief look at each and check their overall differences.

pH Pen

pH pens are standard among new and professional growers.

pH pens are handheld pH meters that you can quickly dip into the nutrient solution for an accurate reading. However, you must first calibrate the pH pen to ensure its readings are on-point. Lastly, pH pens are electronic, and you can easily view the pH on the screen.

pH Test Kit

pH test kits are elementary in functionality. Although they will provide a pH reading, it is a ballpark figure.

The way pH test kits work is by using a litmus paper and dipping it into the nutrient solution. As the color of the paper changes, you must match it with the kit’s indicator. However, the accuracy is nothing like a pH pen or pH monitor.

pH Monitor

pH monitors are expensive, but incredibly accurate, meters.

pH monitors are fastened to the wall, and the probe is always submerged in pH 7 solution. If you can stomach the bill, pH monitors offer some of the most exciting features, such as Bluetooth connectivity, alarm settings, and 24/7 monitoring.

Which pH Meter is Best For Beginners?

Whether it’s your first time growing weed or not, the best pH meter to start with is a pH pen.

Unlike pH test kits and expensive pH monitors, pH pens allow you to pH nutrient solution quickly, affordably, and most importantly, with confidence.

What Do I Need to Calibrate my pH Pen?

Whether you opt for the pH pen or pH monitor, you must calibrate the pH meter.

You will need a few accessories to calibrate your pH meter, such as:

  • pH 4.01 calibration solution
  • pH 1.0 calibration solution
  • pH 7 calibration solution

Using the three-point calibration method, you can rest assured that your pH meter is providing pinpoint readings.

The Pros and Cons of pH Meters

Finally, it’s the part you’ve all been waiting for — the TL;DR section. Let’s look at the pros and cons of each type of pH meter.