Indica / Sativa Hybrid Seeds
Indica, Sativa and Hybrid represent the three main categories of Cannabis which are predominantly known across the region with hybrid seeds providing users with benefits from both Indica and Sativa. One of the first known hybrid’s of an Indica and Sativa was known as ‘Skunk’ which was first bred by a group of cannabis growers based in California, USA, Sacred Seed Co., led by David Watson. The resulting strain was revolutionary, producing high yields in relatively short periods of time along with having the innate ability to withstand an array of climatic conditions hence enabling it to be grown indoors, outdoors, and in greenhouses. The latter has been especially helpful to growers since hybrids can be selected for their size, bushiness and other features, catering to specifically to the grower’s requirement.
Furthermore, cannabis strains which are considered to be ‘hybrid’ can either be Indica dominant, Sativa dominant or a fifty-fifty split in accordance with the need of the user i.e. whether they are inclined towards the cerebral high of Sativa or the body relaxation properties of Indica. Needless to say, in recent years, the therapeutic properties of Cannabis have become prominent leading to a noticeable rise in demand for the product. This has further lead to the rise in experimentation with Cannabis strains resulting in the likes of Indica / Sativa Hybrid Seeds, which were essentially a man-made attempt at customising plants via cross breeding with specific kinds of characteristics usually found in Sativa, and Indica strains.
The process of breeding such hybrid seeds involves breeders carrying out selective breeding in a controlled environment; they pick the female plant and male pollen to produce a specific trait. Specific Cannabinoid Content is one of the main reasons for breeders opting for producing Indica / Sativa Hybrids. Research into the field of hybrid breeding has enabled breeders to maintain specific concentrations of cannabinoids, with strains either maximizing or minimizing the levels of THC and the amount of CBD. This has especially aided in medicinal cannabis production for children which contains high amounts of CBD but low levels of THC. In addition to this, maintaining resin content is another reason for the adoption of hybrid seed production. Hybrids are essentially cross bred for their resin content since some plants are more resinous than others. In this case, Sativa tends to be less resinous than Indica though a hybrid of the two can control the resin content depending upon whether the resultant is Indica dominant, Sativa dominant or a fifty-fifty split.
Therapeutic Properties of Indica / Sativa Hybrid Seeds
Individually Indica and Sativa strains are known to provide certain therapeutic benefits; Indica is known to be an aid in alleviating insomnia along with providing pain relief whilst Sativa is known to be helpful for depression, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and even fatigue. Therefore, depending upon the dominant strain, individuals can incur the benefits of both Indica and Sativa via the hybrid strain; hybrids can be especially helpful when tailored to a user’s specific need.
What’s the difference between indica & sativa? Find out in our blog post.
NL: Breeder releases first range of F1 hybrid seeds
RQS Pro’s internal cannabis F1 hybrid breeding program results in the first of several F1 hybrids. The B2B division of the Royal Queen Seeds brand believes that F1 hybrid seeds are the future of cannabis growing thanks to their higher yield, high crop uniformity, greater efficiency, improved land use, and superior economic scaling.
With the dynamic growth of the legal cannabis market, the industry needs a sustainable product range to keep up with the rising demand. In the USA alone, the industry is expected to reach $40B by 2026, up from an estimated $12B last year. To meet this milestone requires professional agronomic management, quality starting materials, and an in-depth understanding of cannabis genomics.
Fortunately, the concept and benefits of F1 hybrids are already present in many row and vegetable crops. A prime example is the introduction of F1 hybrid corn ninety years ago, which has resulted in a yield increase over time of 500%. RQS Pro’s breeding program aims to integrate the same proven breeding technologies (F1 hybrid breeding, marker-assisted breeding, and polyploidy) to improve cannabis viability significantly.
Maikel de Bresser, the Global Head of R&D for RQS Pro, explains just how impactful their new F1 hybrids can be. “Alongside our Green Horizon Alliance partners, we have already executed standardized trials comparing classic cannabis seed varieties with their F1 hybrid counterparts. The results are impressive, with many tests showing up to double the yield per square meter and higher levels of crop uniformity. The effect on our customers will be more efficient crop management and better ability to predetermine final yields.”
The first F1 hybrid range will launch in the US state of California first, with seeds expected in Q1 of 2022. RQS Pro will continue building a pipeline of both THC and CBD crops, with their exclusive range of F1 hybrid seeds addressing the needs of both the professional and home grower market.