C3PO Pepper Seeds
The C3PO is an interesting super-hot pepper with a very long parentage. The pepper is a caramel-red colored pod that looks like the 7 Pot pepper. The C3PO pepper is very wrinkly, scrunched up, and looks slightly evil. It has a strong heat burn of around 1,000,000+ SHUs and the tiniest amount of fruity sweetness. The C3PO pepper plants will grow to around 3-4 feet tall, but make sure to take care of the plants consistently for the best results.
The long story is it was named after the Star Wars robot, where its origin began with the variants of the Jigsaw cross that was created in Finland. Originally it was nicknamed Vader Jigsaw because there were mysterious variants that came into play to create this superhot pepper. The Moruga Scorpion’s variants appeared from the Jigsaw, and then a grower named Michael experimented with the chocolate version. Illinois grower, Mike Hess, then grew the Vader Jigsaw seeds, and he created a more caramel variant that resembled a 7 Pot Primo with a sweeter flavor. Hess then decided to keep the Star Wars theme going, so he named the pepper C3PO! He discovered that the heat level was identical to the Moruga Scorpion, which we know is a dangerous super-hot pepper.
Keep in mind that this is a young cross, so it won’t be 100% stable when you grow this. It will grow into many variations, but we think that’s the fun part about it!
Species: Capsicum Chinense
Heat Level: 1,000,000+ SHUs
Origin: Finland, America
Days to Harvest: 90+ Days
# of Seeds per Packet: 10+,50+, and 100+ Pepper Seeds
Love scorching super-hot peppers? Check out the super-hot peppers we carry, as well as exotic and novelty peppers.
C3P0 Mustard. the original Gansta color genetics
If we see a Mustard C3P0 pepper and we accept the claim that it is the original color then what we know about genetics will tell us that for that Mustard pepper to give red progeny it would have to be crossed with either a red fruit or an orange fruit.
This would make any Red C3P0 a hybrid and not simply a variation that naturally occurred.
Never mind that the red variant was named Darth Maul by the original hybridizer Michael Christensen. Until such a time as another hybridizer lays claim to this hybrid. I’m going with the original mustard being the one and only C3P0 as I can’t see how you could get a red from a mustard without outcrossing. Nevermind, if there was and is still a red, it would be Darth Maul.
Isolation folks, it is not working if you are getting colors you should not be getting in you plants. Big red flags should go up if a new color pops up and the phenotype is unstable as well.
- Jan 31, 2020
- Jan 31, 2020
It was a happy accident, but it bugs me that you are not given credit for it and I could go along with it if another hybridizer stood up and said they created it, but we don’t see that happening.
What bugs me other than that, is the fact the red variant of C3P0 as it is often called came after it left your hands, if I understand correctly. But even still, given that you named the red one Darth Maul, that is the name we should be calling the red C3P0 if that is the case.
This is the sort of thing where things continue to not add up no matter how you look at it and claims are made as to another hybridizer I have heard, but I’ve not seen that other hybridizer stand up to say it is theres. I’ve not seen any post to that effect either.
Creative 3D Plant Optimization (C3PO) System for the eXploration Systems and Habitation (X-Hab) 2018 Academic Innovation Challenge
As work in space continues to progress, many different ideas are being explored to improve life for astronauts. One factor that has been extensively researched is the viability of growing plants on the international space station(ISS). As plants provide a fresh source of food and psychological benefits for the astronauts providing their care, growing plants has remained a point of interest for NASA over the years. Currently the VEGGIE system provides a platform for growing plants on the ISS; however, the system creates a large amount of waste (the substrate after use) and requires regular interaction from the astronauts, as the watering system is actively controlled.
A previous project at USU developed a 3D printed substrate in which plants could be grown. C3PO is aimed at improving the 3d printed substrate and providing models of how the substrate will react in space. The previous team ran into problems with their passive watering system and also lacked substrate reproducibility because the substrate design relied on infill to generate channels rather than detailed designs.
- Develop a 3D Printed substrate that will act as a growth platform for plants in microgravity
- Provide an STL model of the substrate that can easily be modified to change parameters of the substrate
- Design procedures to integrate the C3PO into the VEGGIE system
- Record data of the water/nutrient solution wicking effects in 3D printed substrates
- Germinate and track growth of different plants in the 3D printed substrates
- Develop a theoretical model of how the water/nutrient solution will flow in the substrate in microgravity
- Research and test the materials and substrate used to meet safety standards to be potentially be sent to space
Tests were performed on the 3D printed substrate to evaluate their effectiveness for plant growth, to provide data for modeling and to guide future design. Wicking tests were performed to assess how effective different materials were at wicking water and how triangle size influenced water uptake. A water retention test was performed to quantify how quickly water drained from the substrate. Instron crush testing was performed to test the strength of the blocks. In addition to testing the physical properties of the blocks. material property tests were performed to test the safety of materials on the space station. Soxhlet testing and tensiometer testing to investigate leachable chemicals. Plant growth tests were also performed. Plant growth is the primary objective of our design. Plants were germinated on the blocks or transplanted to the blocks. The substrate design was modified based on results from the plant growth tests.
Substrate Water Retention
A substrate block was placed into a centered funnel connected by tubing to a graduated cylinder. The Cylinder was lowered allowing water to drain from the substrate. The water level in the graduated cylinder was measured and recorded. The Water retention curves were calculated volume of water drained from block versus change of height. See figure above.
One method used to measure water wicking is to place a white block in dye. The dye can be seen as it travels up the block due to capillary action
Plant growth in substrate
Plants were grown in the substrate. Two methods were used for seed germination. The seeds were placed on moist paper towels then transplanted once they had sprouted or the seeds were placed directly onto the substrate and germination paper was placed over the top to keep the seeds moist. After germination many of the plants died, due to drowning of the roots. designs to keep the roots dryer and increase oxygen concentration are being investigated.
A Soxhelt apparatus was used to extract any possible unlinked monomers from the 3D printing process. There was a notable color change of the ethanol to purple with the nylon blocks. This coloration could be due to the dye in the nylon filament
Tensiometer surface tension testing
With a tensiometer the surface tension of each solution was recorded. This was done in order to determine if any of the chemicals that leached out of the 3D printed substrates was surface activated. Based on observation of the values they don’t deviate significantly enough to say that there was any chemical leaching from the nutrient solution, soxhlet extraction, or boiling the substrates in water
Figures: Ethanol from extraction, Soxhlet apparatus, water retention apparatus