Plants Bell Ringer 1 1 Which process below
2. Some students grew plants of the same species in soils with different p. H values. Their data are shown in the table above. The students hypothesized that these plants grow best in soil with a p. H of 6. 4 to 6. 8. According to the data, which of the following best supports the hypothesis? A Plants in Groups 5 and 6 grew the most. B Plants in Groups 1 and 2 grew the most. C Plants in Groups 3, 4, and 5 grew the most. D Plants in Groups 2, 3, and 4 grew the most.
THE 3 DOMAINS & SIX KINGDOMS 4
Plant Characteristics • Multicellular • Autotrophic • Absorb sunlight to make glucose – Photosynthesis • Cell walls made of cellulose • Sessile
Divisions Plants *Spores
CLADOGRAM Which are more closely related? Ferns and Liverworts or Ferns and Gymnosperms?
Plants have three tissues Dermal Tissue: Epidermis: Thick and waxy/very tough Protects the outside of the plant to protect from water loss Contains the stomata Ground Tissue: This is the edible part of the plant Storage of sugar Supports the plant Chloroplasts found here Vascular Tissue: NOT FOUND IN MOSSES, LIVERWORTS OR HORNWORTS Xylem: Transport water Phloem: Transports food
1. Which of the following events indicates that a plant’s reproductive system has successfully carried out its function? A. a seed forms B. a flower opens C. a root system expands D. A sprout grows to maturity
Nonvascular Plants – Bryophytes Include mosses, Liverworts, and hornworts Require moist environment/Short Lack vascular tissues Reproduce with spores Sporangia Hornwort Moss Liverwort
1. Even a tiny amount of moisture can support the life of mosses, which are nonvascular plants. Why are mosses good pioneer species? A. They grow very slowly. B. They can survive in wet areas. C. They can create a layer of soil on bare rock over time. D. They can survive in areas that receive low levels of sunlight. Flash Back: Primary succession Lichens & Mosses.
Vascular Plants • Have vascular tissues = tubes to carry water and food • Seedless plants: Ferns, mosses, etc • Seeded plants: Gymnosperm (naked seeds) and Angiosperm (seed in ovary) Have vascular tissues = tubes to carry water and food
Xylem: Its basic function is to transport water, through the plant. Water Nutrients Phloem: carries sugar and organic nutrients throughout the plant. FOOD Cambiu m
Cambium -a layer of delicate meristematic tissue between the inner bark or phloem and the wood or xylem. Meristem , region of cells capable of division and growth in plants
Ferns- Pteridophytes (seedless) – Have Vascular tissue – Reproduce with spores, not seeds
Horsetails and Club Mosses
Seed Plants A seed is an embryo packaged with food Sperm within a protective coat Pollen is a package of sperm that can be carried from plant to plant by wind, water, animals, etc. The flowers contain ovules (eggs) and later develop into a fruit containing the seeds. Pollen
Seeds, Fruits and Cones Fruit is a structure of a plant that contains its seeds. Gymnosperms Angiosperms
Gymnosperms Means “naked seed” Seeds lack hard covering and are in cones Includes conifers, pines, ginkgos, cycads, etc. Female Cone Male Cone
Gymnosperms Pines Cycads Giant Sequoia Ginkgo
Angiosperms “Flowering Plants” Reproduce with seeds in fruits Most diverse plant group Extremely useful to humans, supply most of our food and medicine
Angiosperms: Major Structures Need to know: • • Roots Stems Leaves Flowers
Angiosperms: Monocots Grasses, palms, grains, etc. Single cotlydon (seed leaf) Flower parts in multiples of 3 Leaf veins parallel Vascular bundles scattered in stem Lack tap root
Angiosperms: Dicots Most familiar plants Two cotlydons (seed leaves) Flower parts in multiples of 4 or 5 Leaf veins branching Vascular bundles in stem in rings Roots develop from central “tap” root
Bell Ringer Marijuana Strain
Bell Ringer by Khush Kush is heavyweight indica accompanied by an intricate terpene profile. Khush Kush’s renowned one-two punch Bell Ringer is a blend cross between Hindu Skunk and Stardawg mixed with the original heavyweight, Pre-98 Bubba Kush. In true indica style, Bell Ringer will stimulate your appetite and knock you out. The effects tend to be weighted and euphoric, relieving physical pain while saddling the consumer with the aforementioned “muchy mania.&Rdquo; Adore Bell Ringer and its acrid, astringent, petrol scent later in the day to maximize the strain’s sedative qualities.
When smoked or converted into an edible form, the flavor of the Bell Ringer strain is best described as Spicyherbal, Cheese, and Sweet.
This variety of campanula originated long ago in Korea and luckily found its way to our shores. Its pink bells with speckled interiors remind me of the bells on foxglove. The stems are arching though and the flowers dangle along them. Campanula Bellringers do so well in the shady parts of my garden, giving it great color, with no fuss at all. Campanula on its list of deer resistant plants. You will receive 30 seeds per pack. Growing campanula from seed is easy; but if you’re planting seeds for campanula propagation, you’ll need to do so at least eight to ten weeks prior to spring. Since the seeds are so small, they barely need covering. Simply sprinkle them over a seed-starting tray filled with moist peat or potting mix (with about three seeds per cell) and cover them lightly. Then place the tray in a warm location (65-70 F./18-21 C.) with plenty of sun and keep it moist. You can also scatter the seeds directly into the garden and gently rake some soil over them. Within about two to three weeks, campanula sprouts should appear.